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J Hosp Infect. 2010 May;75(1):33-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2010.01.015. Epub 2010 Mar 27.

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacter cloacae in mobile dialysis units in the medical and surgical departments of a university hospital: a case-control study.

Author information

1
Beratungszentrum für Hygiene, Freiburg, Germany. kruse@bzh-freiburg.de

Abstract

The objective of this case-control study was to investigate the source of contamination and risk factors for colonisation and infection during an outbreak of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacter cloacae in the University Medical Center Freiburg. A risk factor analysis was performed on 23 patients with ESBL-producing E. cloacae in the medical and surgical departments by comparing them with 46 non-colonised controls, who were matched for ward and length of hospital stay. For these, a risk factor analysis was conducted. Suspected sources for transmission of ESBL were examined and staff received training in infection control measures. The higher risk in colonised patients was attributed to dialysis with mobile units [odds ratio (OR): 4.00; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05-15.234; P=0.04]. Dialysis units were examined, but no contamination was found. Improvement in dialysis procedures, additional staff training and renewed training in standard precautions led to a substantial fall in case numbers. Risk factor analysis showed that colonised patients carried more invasive devices than controls (central venous catheter: OR: 2.50; 95% CI: 0.74-8.45; P=0.14; Foley catheter: 5.08; 0.61-42.23; P=0.13) and were given a greater number of different antibiotics (penicillins: 2.52; 0.71-8.89; P=0.15; fluoroquinolones: 2.37; 0.77-7.28; P=0.13). The differences in mobile dialysis frequency and antibiotic use between cases and controls were relevant, although the latter was not statistically significant. It was possible to contain the high frequency of ESBL colonisation or infection by reinforcing infection control measures and training the staff involved.

PMID:
20347508
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhin.2010.01.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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