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J Hosp Infect. 2007 Jul;66(3):224-31. Epub 2007 May 21.

Comparison of the National Surgical Site Infection surveillance data between The Netherlands and Germany: PREZIES versus KISS.

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Netherlands Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The Netherlands.


As there has been increasing interest in comparing surgical site infection (SSI) rates between countries, we compared the SSI surveillance data for The Netherlands ('PREZIES') and Germany ('KISS'). Both surveillance systems have comparable protocols with many similar risk factors, including SSI definitions developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and optional postdischarge surveillance. Nine surgical procedure categories from several specialities were included, the reporting of which were similar, with respect to content and with enough data for proper comparison. Differences for the SSI data were found between PREZIES and KISS for duration of surgery, wound contamination class, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification and the postoperative duration of hospitalization. A significantly higher superficial SSI rate was found for seven surgical procedures according to PREZIES and a higher deep SSI rate for five procedures. When considering only deep SSI during hospitalization, the differences in SSI rates were much smaller. Differences in intensity of postdischarge surveillance led to 34% of SSI being detected after discharge for PREZIES and 21% for KISS. In conclusion, even though similar infection surveillance protocols are used in The Netherlands and Germany, differences occurred in the implementation. Comparisons between countries are most reliable if only deep SSIs during hospitalization are taken into account, since these SSI are not affected by postdischarge surveillance and the diagnostic sensitivity for deep SSI is probably more alike between countries than for superficial SSI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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