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Diabetes Care. 2002 Jan;25(1):16-22.

Long-term impact of neonatal breast-feeding on body weight and glucose tolerance in children of diabetic mothers.

Author information

1
Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Humboldt University Medical School (Charité), Berlin, Germany. andreas.plagemann@charite.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Offspring born to women with pregnancies complicated by diabetes are at increased childhood risk of developing obesity and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). In population-based studies, breast-feeding has been shown to be protective against obesity and diabetes later in life. To date, the role of breast-feeding on offspring of diabetic mothers (ODM) has not been investigated in this context.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

A total of 112 ODM (type 1 diabetes, n = 83; gestational diabetes, n = 29) were evaluated prospectively for impact of ingestion of either diabetic breast milk (DBM) or nondiabetic banked donor breast milk (BBM) during the early neonatal period (day 1-7 of life) on relative body weight and glucose tolerance at a mean age of 2 years.

RESULTS:

There was a positive correlation between the volume of DBM ingested and risk of overweight at 2 years of age (odds ratio [OR] 2.47, 95% CI 1.25-4.87). In contrast, the volume of BBM ingested was inversely correlated to body weight at follow-up (P = 0.001). Risk of childhood IGT decreased by increasing amounts of BBM ingested neonatally (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.05-0.70). Stepwise regression analysis showed volume of DBM to be the only significant predictor of relative body weight at 2 years of age (P = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Early neonatal ingestion of breast milk from diabetic mothers may increase risk of becoming overweight and, consequently, developing IGT during childhood. Additional studies are needed to assess long-term consequences that might result from the type of neonatal nutrition in ODM.

PMID:
11772895
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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