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Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2010 Mar;54(3):319-25.

[Relationship between nutrition factors and glycemic control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus].

[Article in Portuguese]

Author information

1
Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify nutritional factors that affected the glycemic control of the studied population.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

One hundred forty-six children and adolescents, aged 7 to 19 years, followed-up at the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology of the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais participated in the study.The diet of each participant was evaluated by means of a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire, previously validated in a pilot-project. Glycemic control was assessed through the average of HbA1c results obtained six months prior to date of diet evaluation.

RESULTS:

Diets with high protein content, less saturated fats, and lower glycemic index (GI)/glycemic load (GL) had a positive effect on glycemic control. The consumption of sucrose and of free snacks provided by the school had a negative influence on glycemic control.

CONCLUSION:

The consumption of nutritionally adequate and low GI/GL diets favored glycemic control of the studied population.

PMID:
20520963
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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