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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Sep;1173:670-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04814.x.

Infections may have a protective role in the etiopathogenesis of celiac disease.

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Department of Medicine D, Meir Medical Center, Kfar-Saba, Israel.

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Infectious agents have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune diseases via various pathogenic mechanisms, such as molecular mimicry, resulting in modulation of the host's immune tolerance. In the following article we examine the association between serological evidence of past infection with Toxoplasma gondii, rubella virus, cytomegalovirus, Treponema pallidum, and Epstein-Barr virus, and the co-existence of celiac disease. Our results imply that certain infections may generate an immunological environment that disfavors future appearance of certain autoimmune conditions such as celiac disease.

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