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Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1997 Jan;91(1):87-94.

Plasmid diversity of multi-drug-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from children with diarrhoea in a poultry-farming area in Kenya.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Genito-Urinary Medicine, University of Liverpool, UK.


Biotin-labelled DNA probes and restriction-endonuclease digestion (RED) with HindIII were used to study the diversity of resistance plasmids (R-plasmids) from 414 Escherichia coli isolates: 168 from children living in close contact with antibiotic-fed poultry and 246 from the chickens. Full sensitivity to all 10 antimicrobials tested was more common in the isolates from poultry than in those from the children (36.2% v. 9.5%; P < 0.001). Multi-drug resistance, to at least two of the antimicrobials, was relatively common in the isolates from the children (85.5% v. 26.00%; P < 0.001). Overall, 31% of the poultry isolates were resistant to tetracycline alone. Resistance to amoxycillin was due to production of TEM-1 (89%) and TEM-2 (11%). In > 71% of the isolates from children and 79% of those from poultry, resistance was encoded on a 100-110-kb transferable plasmid belonging to incompatibility group FII. However, RED patterns of R-plasmids from the two groups of isolates were highly diverse and not indicative of any close relatedness. This difference in patterns and in the levels of multi-drug resistance indicate that the isolates from the children and those from the poultry represent two distinct pools of resistance plasmids.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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