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J Mol Biol. 1996 May 3;258(2):367-92.

Energy functions that discriminate X-ray and near native folds from well-constructed decoys.

Author information

1
Department of Structural Biology, Stanford School of Medicine, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

This study generates ensembles of decoy or test structures for eight small proteins with a variety of different folds. Between 35,000 and 200,000 decoys were generated for each protein using our four-state off-lattice model together with a novel relaxation method. These give compact self-avoiding conformations each constrained to have native secondary structure. Ensembles of these decoy conformations were used to test the ability of several types of empirical contact, surface area and distance-dependent energy functions to distinguish between correct and incorrect conformations. These tests have shown that none of the functions is able to distinguish consistently either the X-ray conformation or the near-native conformations from others which are incorrect. Certain combinations of two of these energy functions were able, however, consistently to identify X-ray structures from amongst the decoy conformations. These same combinations are better also at identifying near-native conformations, consistently finding them with a hundred-fold higher frequency than chance. The fact that these combination energy functions perform better than generally accepted energy functions suggests their future use in folding simulations and perhaps threading predictions.

PMID:
8627632
DOI:
10.1006/jmbi.1996.0256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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