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J Infect Dis. 1996 May;173(5):1260-2.

The public health impact of Lyme disease in Maryland.

Author information

1
Dept. of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to estimate the health burden imposed by Lyme disease (LD) in Maryland during 1992 and 1993. A cross-sectional 1-in-15 survey of physicians (total, 1200) in Maryland was conducted to estimate the incidence of diagnosed LD, presumptive cases of LD, patients with tick bites, and diagnostic tests ordered for LD. Results show that LD is underreported by 10- to 12-fold in Maryland, that 80% of cases are managed by primary care physicians, and that there is discordance between the actual clinical treatment of patients and the recommended approach. In addition, the much greater numbers of patients treated for presumptive LD, seen and given prophylaxis for tick bites, and having diagnostic tests indicate that real and perceived LD is a far greater public health problem and uses more medical resources than official surveillance data suggest.

PMID:
8627082
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/173.5.1260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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