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J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Jul;32(7):1650-3.

Selection of candidate quality control isolates and tentative quality control ranges for in vitro susceptibility testing of yeast isolates by National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards proposed standard methods.

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University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242.


The National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards has developed a proposed standard method for in vitro antifungal susceptibility testing of yeast isolates (National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, document M27-P, 1992). In order for antifungal testing by the M27-P method to be accepted, reliable quality control (QC) performance criteria must be developed. In the present study, five laboratories tested 10 candidate QC strains 20 times each against three antifungal agents: amphotericin B, fluconazole, and 5-fluorocytosine. All sites conformed to the M27-P standards and used a common lot of tube dilution reagents and RPMI 1640 broth medium. Overall, 98% of MIC results with amphotericin B, 95% with fluconazole, and 92% with 5-fluorocytosine fell within the desired 3-log2 dilution range (mode +/- 1 log2 dilution). Excellent performance with all three antifungal agents was observed for six strains: Candida albicans ATCC 90028, Candida parapsilosis ATCC 90018, C. parapsilosis ATCC 22019, Candida krusei ATCC 6258, Candida tropicalis ATCC 750, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 9763. With these strains, 3-log2 dilution ranges encompassing 94 to 100% of MICs for all three drugs were established. Additional studies with multiple lots of RPMI 1640 test medium will be required to establish definitive QC ranges.

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