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Presse Med. 1995 Sep 2-9;24(25):1157-60.

[Mycobacterium gordonae infections in human immunodeficiency virus infection].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service des Maladies infectieuses et tropicales, Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Non-tuberculous mycobacteria infections are frequent in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Mycobacterium avium intracellulare is the most frequent organism isolated but several other mycobacteria are also seen. Mycobacterium gordonae is a saprophytic mycobacteria which is rarely pathogenic. It was observed in 9% (7 patients) of the mycobacterial infections observed in our unit over a period of 3 years.

METHODS:

In order to determine whether M. gordonae plays a pathogenic role in HIV-infected patients, we re-evaluated the 7 clinical files of patients with M. gordonae infection. The findings were compared with data in the literature.

RESULTS:

All seven of our patients had a poor general health status with fever and pulmonary infection. The chest X-ray was abnormal in 5 patients. M. gordonae was isolated from blood cultures in 2 patients and from sputum or gastric contents in 5. Outcome was favourable using anti-tuberculosis combinations.

CONCLUSION:

A pathogenic role for M. gordonae cannot be excluded in HIV-infected patients. However, since this mycobacterium is an ubiquitous organism, diagnosis should be based on a typical clinical presentation and certain laboratory identification from appropriate samples.

PMID:
7567831
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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