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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1987 Jan;36(1):194-7.

Vector competence of Culex (Melanoconion) taeniopus for allopatric and epizootic Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis viruses.


The vector competence of Culex (Melanoconion) taeniopus was examined in the laboratory for "enzootic" allopatric and "epizootic" strains of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis viruses of hemagglutination inhibition subtypes I, II, III, and IV. Following bloodmeals from viremic hamsters, and extrinsic incubation of 20-22 days, mosquitoes were allowed to refeed for transmission attempts. Infection rates never exceeded 50% with oral doses of less than 10(4) chick embryo cell culture plaque forming units (CECPFU), and approached 100% only after ingestion of greater than or equal to 10(5.5) PFU. Transmission was achieved for some "epizootic" subtype IABC and "enzootic" subtype ID strains after bloodmeals containing greater than or equal to 10(3.4) CECPFU; subtypes II, III, and IV were never transmitted despite oral doses up to 10(5.0) CECPFU. These data contrast sharply with those reported previously for sympatric "enzootic" subtype IE Middle American Venezuelan encephalitis viruses.

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