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Euro Surveill. 2018 Sep;23(38). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.38.1800509.

Two cases of monkeypox imported to the United Kingdom, September 2018.

Author information

1
NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
2
Emerging Infections and Zoonoses Section, National Infection Service, Public Health England, Colindale, London, United Kingdom.
3
Rare and Imported Pathogens Laboratory, Public Health England, Porton, Salisbury, United Kingdom.
4
Field Service, National Infection Service, Public Health England, United Kingdom.
5
University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
6
Tropical and Infectious Disease Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
7
Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
8
NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Respiratory Infections, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
9
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.
10
National Infection Service, Public Health England, Colindale, London, United Kingdom.
11
Department of Infection, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.
12
Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Blackpool, United Kingdom.
13
Defence Medical Services, Ministry of Defence (MOD), United Kingdom.
14
Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Abuja, Nigeria.
15
Travel and Migrant Health Section, National Infection Service, Public Health England, Colindale, London, United Kingdom.
16
NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Gastrointestinal Infections, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Abstract

In early September 2018, two cases of monkeypox were reported in the United Kingdom (UK), diagnosed on 7 September in Cornwall (South West England) and 11 September in Blackpool (North West England). The cases were epidemiologically unconnected and had recently travelled to the UK from Nigeria, where monkeypox is currently circulating. We describe the epidemiology and the public health response for the first diagnosed cases outside the African continent since 2003.

KEYWORDS:

England; Monkeypox; Nigeria; Poxvirus; United Kingdom

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