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J Cell Biol. 2013 May 27;201(5):673-80. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201212103. Epub 2013 May 20.

Live-cell imaging of exocyst links its spatiotemporal dynamics to various stages of vesicle fusion.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.

Abstract

Tethers play ubiquitous roles in membrane trafficking and influence the specificity of vesicle attachment. Unlike soluble N-ethyl-maleimide-sensitive fusion attachment protein receptors (SNAREs), the spatiotemporal dynamics of tethers relative to vesicle fusion are poorly characterized. The most extensively studied tethering complex is the exocyst, which spatially targets vesicles to sites on the plasma membrane. By using a mammalian genetic replacement strategy, we were able to assemble fluorescently tagged Sec8 into the exocyst complex, which was shown to be functional by biochemical, trafficking, and morphological criteria. Ultrasensitive live-cell imaging revealed that Sec8-TagRFP moved to the cell cortex on vesicles, which preferentially originated from the endocytic recycling compartment. Surprisingly, Sec8 remained with vesicles until full dilation of the fusion pore, supporting potential coupling with SNARE fusion machinery. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching analysis of Sec8 at cell protrusions revealed that a significant fraction was immobile. Additionally, Sec8 dynamically repositioned to the site of membrane expansion, suggesting that it may respond to local cues during early cell polarization.

PMID:
23690179
PMCID:
PMC3664709
DOI:
10.1083/jcb.201212103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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