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Virology. 2013 Jul 5;441(2):95-106. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2013.03.014. Epub 2013 Apr 4.

Metagenomic study of the viruses of African straw-coloured fruit bats: detection of a chiropteran poxvirus and isolation of a novel adenovirus.

Author information

1
University of Cambridge, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Madingley Rd, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, CB3 0ES, United Kingdom. kf281@cam.ac.uk

Abstract

Viral emergence as a result of zoonotic transmission constitutes a continuous public health threat. Emerging viruses such as SARS coronavirus, hantaviruses and henipaviruses have wildlife reservoirs. Characterising the viruses of candidate reservoir species in geographical hot spots for viral emergence is a sensible approach to develop tools to predict, prevent, or contain emergence events. Here, we explore the viruses of Eidolon helvum, an Old World fruit bat species widely distributed in Africa that lives in close proximity to humans. We identified a great abundance and diversity of novel herpes and papillomaviruses, described the isolation of a novel adenovirus, and detected, for the first time, sequences of a chiropteran poxvirus closely related with Molluscum contagiosum. In sum, E. helvum display a wide variety of mammalian viruses, some of them genetically similar to known human pathogens, highlighting the possibility of zoonotic transmission.

PMID:
23562481
PMCID:
PMC3667569
DOI:
10.1016/j.virol.2013.03.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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