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Med Health Care Philos. 2013 Nov;16(4):915-9. doi: 10.1007/s11019-013-9473-5.

Impact of legal measures prevent transplant tourism: the interrelated experience of The Philippines and Israel.

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National Kidney and Transplant Institute, Manila, Philippines.


We describe the parallel changes that have taken place in recent years in two countries, Israel and The Philippines, the former once an "exporter" of transplant tourists and the latter once an "importer" of transplant tourists. These changes were in response to progressive legislation in both countries under the influence of the Declaration of Istanbul. The annual number of Israeli patients who underwent kidney transplantation abroad decreased from a peak of 155 in 2006 to an all-time low of 35 in 2011 while in the Philippines the annual number of foreign transplant recipients fell from 531 in 2007 to two in 2011. The experience of these two countries provides a "natural experiment" on the potential impact of legal measures to prevent transplant tourism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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