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Trop Gastroenterol. 2002 Oct-Dec;23(4):172-5.

Chronic hepatitis C--treatment results in northern India.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana. ajitsood10@sify.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There have been major innovations in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in the last decade. The course of the disease is variable and host, viral and environmental factors can influence the disease course and response to various treatment protocols. Data on the therapeutic response among north Indian patients with chronic hepatitis 'C' is limited. Therefore, we analysed our results of treatment among patients with chronic hepatitis C.

MATERIAL & METHODS:

A total of 55 patients with chronic hepatitis C were treated. Forty nine patients completed treatment with either interferon alpha 2b alone (n = 12) or combination of interferon alpha 2b and ribavarin (n = 37). All the patients were seropositive for anti HCV and, HCV RNA. All of them had elevated ALT and histological features of chronic hepatitis. Response to treatment was evaluated as end treatment response (ETR) i.e. HCV RNA not detected at end of treatment and sustained response (SR) i.e. HCV RNA not detected six months after completing the treatment. Adverse effects were also recorded.

RESULTS:

Overall, ETR was documented among in 69% of the patients and SR in 45% patients. Sustained response rate was higher with combination therapy as compared to interferon alone i.e. (51% vs 25%). Sustained response with induction dosing was 57%. Treatment had to be stopped in 3 patients due to major side effects like psychiatric disorders (2) and hypotension (1) and 3 patients were lost to follow up during the course of therapy.

CONCLUSION:

Sustained virological response with combination therapy is better than with interferon alone. Induction dosing improves the sustained virological response further. Major side effects with the antiviral drugs necessitating drug withdrawal is infrequent.

PMID:
12833703
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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