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Cancer Res. 2002 Jan 15;62(2):535-41.

Critical role for cyclin D2 in BCR/ABL-induced proliferation of hematopoietic cells.

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Whitehead Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.


Chronic myeloid leukemia is caused by the tyrosine kinase oncoprotein BCR/ABL. Using oligonucleotide arrays to assay mRNAs at different phases of the cell cycle in BCR/ABL-transformed cells, we found that cyclin D2 mRNA was constitutively expressed at high levels throughout the cell cycle, a pattern confirmed by immunoblotting of protein lysates. Bone marrow cells from cyclin D2-deficient strains of mice failed to proliferate in response to infection with a retrovirus carrying BCR/ABL and failed to generate transformed lymphoid cell lines in vitro. These results establish that BCR/ABL promotes cell cycle progression by altering expression of cyclin D2 and that cyclin D2 induction plays a critical role in proliferation of hematopoietic cells by BCR/ABL.

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