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Toxicol Pathol. 2007 Oct;35(6):806-12.

Toxicity and biomedical imaging of layered nanohybrids in the mouse.

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Departments of Biomedical Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.


Layered nanohybrids (LNH) are a promising nonviral system allowing controlled drug and DNA delivery. In order to test the toxicity of LNH consisting of a magnesium/aluminum core, mice were subjected to subcutaneous, intraperitoneal, and intravenous injections of these nanoparticles at three doses. Intravenous injections resulted in 8% (1 out of 12) lethality at doses 100 micro l and 200 micro l of 6.96 x 10(- 4) M solution, while all mice survived after LNH administration by any other routes. Histopathological alterations were limited to mild localized inflammatory lesions in the lungs and the dermis after intravenous and subcutaneous administration, respectively. LNH labeled with Lucifer Yellow were readily detectable in both locations by fluorescent microscopy. To test their potential for intravital imaging, LNH-Lucifer Yellow were injected into the ovarian bursa and successfully visualized by multiphoton microscopy within the ovarian surface epithelial cells. In similar experiments, the ovary and the ovarian bursa were readily detectable by magnetic resonance imaging after administration of modified LNH, where aluminum was substituted for gadolinium. Taken together, these results demonstrate minimal in vivo toxicity of LNH and illuminate their potential as multifunctional nanoscale particles suitable for combination of intravital biomedical imaging with controlled drug release.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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