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J Biol Chem. 1984 Feb 10;259(3):1491-5.

Interactions of the neurotoxin apamin with a Ca2+-activated K+ channel in primary neuronal cultures.

Abstract

Mono[125I]iodoapamin bound to specific sites on cultured rat embryonic neurons. The dissociation constant for the receptor-neurotoxin complex measured at equilibrium was 60-120 pM at pH 7.2 and 4 degrees C, with a maximal binding capacity of 3-8 fmol/mg of cell protein. Apamin inhibited calcium ionophore-induced 86Rb+ release from cell cultures. The dose effect curve for this pharmacological test corresponded closely to the displacement of 125I-apamin by native apamin in binding experiments. Formation of the 125I-apamin receptor complex requires exogenous K+. Reduced binding in the absence of K+ was due to diminished binding capacity rather than a lower affinity. The apamin receptor seems to be associated with a cell surface K+ site which shows 50% occupancy at 1.6 mM, and which could be involved in the regulation of channel activity. Apamin sites were present at the earliest developmental stage tested and their number did not evolve during 8 days in culture. In the same period, however, alpha-scorpion toxin binding increased by a factor of 10. The ontogenesis of Ca2+-activated K+ channels does not seem to occur in parallel with that of voltage-sensitive Na+ channels.

PMID:
6319399
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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