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Acta Paediatr. 2007 Aug;96(8):1159-63. Epub 2007 Jun 18.

Traumatic head injury in infants and toddlers.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric Intensive Care, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. mimy@uus.no

Abstract

AIM:

To describe the presenting characteristics, type of injury and hospital course in young children with traumatic head injury, and to identify characteristics indicating that the trauma was inflicted.

METHODS:

A retrospective medical record review of 91 children less than 3 years of age who were admitted to a tertiary teaching hospital in Norway from 1995 through 2005 with a traumatic head injury. Patients were identified by diagnostic codes, and categorized by type of injury as skull fractures (n = 39), epidural haemorrhage (EDH) (n = 12), subdural haemorrhage (n = 27) and parenchymal brain injury (n = 13). Further the cases were classified as inflicted injury (n = 17), accident (n = 35) or indeterminate (n = 39).

RESULTS:

The mechanism of injury was similar for EDHs and isolated skull fractures, and none were classified as inflicted. Sixty-three percent of the cases with subdural haematoma were classified as inflicted. When compared to the accident group, children in the inflicted group more frequently had subdural haemorrhage without a skull fracture (OR = 6.9, CI = 1.7-28.2), and seizures (OR = 9.5, CI = 2.1-43.3).

CONCLUSIONS:

Inflicted and accidental head injuries differed in presenting characteristics and injury type. Nearly two-third of the subdural haemorrhages were classified as inflicted, but none of the epidural EDHs or skull fractures. Inflicted injuries tended to present with seizures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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