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Mol Immunol. 1986 Jan;23(1):57-62.

Increased hemolytic activity of the trypsin-cleaved ninth component of complement.

Abstract

Human C9 treated with trypsin is initially cleaved into two fragments with relative mol. wts of 53,000 and 20,000. This limited cleavage of C9 induces a 2.4-times increase in the hemolytic activity of C9 when compared to untreated C9. This difference diminishes when C9 activity is tested in an assay using a prolonged incubation time of C9 with C5b-8-bearing red blood cells. Trypsinization of C9 also promotes spontaneous C9 polymerization. SDS-resistant tubular C9 complexes are formed at a C9 concn of 1 mg/ml within 8 hr at 37 degrees C. Our data indicate that specific limited proteolysis of C9 not only induces spontaneous C9 polymerization but also increases the hemolytic activity of C9, suggesting that a similar molecular mechanism is involved in both processes.

PMID:
3960033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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