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A Plant-Based Meal Stimulates Incretin and Insulin Secretion More Than an Energy- and Macronutrient-Matched Standard Meal in Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Crossover Study.

Kahleova H, Tura A, Klementova M, Thieme L, Haluzik M, Pavlovicova R, Hill M, Pelikanova T.

Nutrients. 2019 Feb 26;11(3). pii: E486. doi: 10.3390/nu11030486.


A Plant-Based Meal Increases Gastrointestinal Hormones and Satiety More Than an Energy- and Macronutrient-Matched Processed-Meat Meal in T2D, Obese, and Healthy Men: A Three-Group Randomized Crossover Study.

Klementova M, Thieme L, Haluzik M, Pavlovicova R, Hill M, Pelikanova T, Kahleova H.

Nutrients. 2019 Jan 12;11(1). pii: E157. doi: 10.3390/nu11010157.


Meal sequence and glucose excursion, gastric emptying and incretin secretion in type 2 diabetes: a randomised, controlled crossover, exploratory trial.

Kuwata H, Iwasaki M, Shimizu S, Minami K, Maeda H, Seino S, Nakada K, Nosaka C, Murotani K, Kurose T, Seino Y, Yabe D.

Diabetologia. 2016 Mar;59(3):453-61. doi: 10.1007/s00125-015-3841-z. Epub 2015 Dec 24.


Differential acute postprandial effects of processed meat and isocaloric vegan meals on the gastrointestinal hormone response in subjects suffering from type 2 diabetes and healthy controls: a randomized crossover study.

Belinova L, Kahleova H, Malinska H, Topolcan O, Vrzalova J, Oliyarnyk O, Kazdova L, Hill M, Pelikanova T.

PLoS One. 2014 Sep 15;9(9):e107561. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107561. eCollection 2014.


Incretin secretion in relation to meal size and body weight in healthy subjects and people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Vilsbøll T, Krarup T, Sonne J, Madsbad S, Vølund A, Juul AG, Holst JJ.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Jun;88(6):2706-13.


Effects of meal size and composition on incretin, alpha-cell, and beta-cell responses.

Rijkelijkhuizen JM, McQuarrie K, Girman CJ, Stein PP, Mari A, Holst JJ, Nijpels G, Dekker JM.

Metabolism. 2010 Apr;59(4):502-11. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2009.07.039. Epub 2009 Oct 28.


Mixed meal ingestion diminishes glucose excursion in comparison with glucose ingestion via several adaptive mechanisms in people with and without type 2 diabetes.

Alsalim W, Tura A, Pacini G, Omar B, Bizzotto R, Mari A, Ahrén B.

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2016 Jan;18(1):24-33. doi: 10.1111/dom.12570. Epub 2015 Oct 23.


Roux-en-Y gastric bypass versus calorie restriction: support for surgery per se as the direct contributor to altered responses of insulin and incretins to a mixed meal.

Berggren J, Lindqvist A, Hedenbro J, Groop L, Wierup N.

Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2017 Feb;13(2):234-242. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2016.09.017. Epub 2016 Sep 28.


Effect of single-dose DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin on β-cell function and incretin hormone secretion after meal ingestion in healthy volunteers and drug-naïve, well-controlled type 2 diabetes subjects.

Alsalim W, Göransson O, Carr RD, Bizzotto R, Tura A, Pacini G, Mari A, Ahrén B.

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2018 Apr;20(4):1080-1085. doi: 10.1111/dom.13192. Epub 2018 Jan 16.


Impaired beta cell sensitivity to incretins in type 2 diabetes is insufficiently compensated by higher incretin response.

Tura A, Bagger JI, Ferrannini E, Holst JJ, Knop FK, Vilsbøll T, Mari A.

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2017 Dec;27(12):1123-1129. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2017.10.006. Epub 2017 Oct 13.


The effect of meal frequency in a reduced-energy regimen on the gastrointestinal and appetite hormones in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomised crossover study.

Belinova L, Kahleova H, Malinska H, Topolcan O, Windrichova J, Oliyarnyk O, Kazdova L, Hill M, Pelikanova T.

PLoS One. 2017 Apr 3;12(4):e0174820. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174820. eCollection 2017.


Effects of acute NEFA manipulation on incretin-induced insulin secretion in participants with and without type 2 diabetes.

Astiarraga B, Chueire VB, Souza AL, Pereira-Moreira R, Monte Alegre S, Natali A, Tura A, Mari A, Ferrannini E, Muscelli E.

Diabetologia. 2018 Aug;61(8):1829-1837. doi: 10.1007/s00125-018-4633-z. Epub 2018 May 7.


A high-protein breakfast induces greater insulin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide responses to a subsequent lunch meal in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Park YM, Heden TD, Liu Y, Nyhoff LM, Thyfault JP, Leidy HJ, Kanaley JA.

J Nutr. 2015 Mar;145(3):452-8. doi: 10.3945/jn.114.202549. Epub 2014 Dec 24.


Postprandial glucose, insulin and incretin responses differ by test meal macronutrient ingestion sequence (PATTERN study).

Sun L, Goh HJ, Govindharajulu P, Leow MK, Henry CJ.

Clin Nutr. 2019 Apr 27. pii: S0261-5614(19)30154-2. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2019.04.001. [Epub ahead of print]


Third Exposure to a Reduced Carbohydrate Meal Lowers Evening Postprandial Insulin and GIP Responses and HOMA-IR Estimate of Insulin Resistance.

Lin PJ, Borer KT.

PLoS One. 2016 Oct 31;11(10):e0165378. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0165378. eCollection 2016.


Plant-rich mixed meals based on Palaeolithic diet principles have a dramatic impact on incretin, peptide YY and satiety response, but show little effect on glucose and insulin homeostasis: an acute-effects randomised study.

Bligh HF, Godsland IF, Frost G, Hunter KJ, Murray P, MacAulay K, Hyliands D, Talbot DC, Casey J, Mulder TP, Berry MJ.

Br J Nutr. 2015 Feb 28;113(4):574-84. doi: 10.1017/S0007114514004012. Epub 2015 Feb 9.


The incretin system and its role in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Holst JJ, Vilsbøll T, Deacon CF.

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2009 Jan 15;297(1-2):127-36. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2008.08.012. Epub 2008 Aug 20. Review.


Comparing olive oil and C4-dietary oil, a prodrug for the GPR119 agonist, 2-oleoyl glycerol, less energy intake of the latter is needed to stimulate incretin hormone secretion in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes.

Mandøe MJ, Hansen KB, Windeløv JA, Knop FK, Rehfeld JF, Rosenkilde MM, Holst JJ, Hansen HS.

Nutr Diabetes. 2018 Jan 12;8(1):2. doi: 10.1038/s41387-017-0011-z.


Four weeks of near-normalization of blood glucose has no effect on postprandial GLP-1 and GIP secretion, but augments pancreatic B-cell responsiveness to a meal in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

Højberg PV, Vilsbøll T, Zander M, Knop FK, Krarup T, Vølund A, Holst JJ, Madsbad S.

Diabet Med. 2008 Nov;25(11):1268-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2008.02579.x.


Meal-derived glucagon responses are related to lower hepatic phosphate concentrations in obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Weber KS, Straßburger K, Fritsch M, Bierwagen A, Koliaki C, Phielix E, Pacini G, Hwang JH, Markgraf DF, Burkart V, Müssig K, Szendroedi J, Roden M.

Diabetes Metab. 2018 Nov;44(5):444-448. doi: 10.1016/j.diabet.2018.05.008. Epub 2018 Jun 2.


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