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Cell Calcium. 1998 Jun;23(6):413-21.

Mapping of a carboxyl-terminal active site of parathyroid hormone by calcium-imaging.

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Institut für Physiologie der Charité, Abteilung Neurophysiologie, AG Molekulare Zellphysiologie, Berlin, Germany.


We recently showed that the C-terminal fragment PTH (52-84) effectively increases intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) in a subset of growth plate chondrocytes not activated by the N-terminal PTH fragment (1-34). Here we characterize the active site on C-terminal PTH (52-84) with respect to calcium (Ca2+)-signaling and the mechanism involved by using synthetic PTH-subfragments in digital CCD ratio-imaging experiments. Our results show amino acids 73-76 to be the core region for increasing [Ca2+]i. Ryanodine (1 microM), caffeine (10 mM), lithium (2 mM), or cyclopiazonic acid (2-5 microM), agents that interfere with intracellular Ca2+ release, all failed to block PTH (52-84) induced [Ca2+]i increases. Depletion of extracellular calcium ([Ca2+]o) blocked PTH (52-84) induced [Ca2+]i increases, indicating a transmembrane Ca2+ influx. In contrast to voltage-gated and Ca2+ release activated Ca2+ influx, PTH (52-84) evoked Ca2+ influx was not blocked by nickel (1 mM). We conclude that PTH amino acids 73-76 are essential for activation of a nickel-insensitive Ca2+ influx pathway in growth plate chondrocytes that is likely to be of relevance for matrix calcification, a key step in endochondral bone formation.

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