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Prevalence and Association of Escherichia coli and Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in Stored Foods for Young Children and Flies Caught in the Same Households in Rural Bangladesh.

Doza S, Jabeen Rahman M, Islam MA, Kwong LH, Unicomb L, Ercumen A, Pickering AJ, Parvez SM, Naser AM, Ashraf S, Das KK, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Feb 12. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0408. [Epub ahead of print]


Effect of Groundwater Iron on Residual Chlorine in Water Treated with Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate Tablets in Rural Bangladesh.

Naser AM, Higgins EM, Arman S, Ercumen A, Ashraf S, Das KK, Rahman M, Luby SP, Unicomb L.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Feb 12. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0954. [Epub ahead of print]


Effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on diarrhoea and child growth in rural Bangladesh: a cluster randomised controlled trial.

Luby SP, Rahman M, Arnold BF, Unicomb L, Ashraf S, Winch PJ, Stewart CP, Begum F, Hussain F, Benjamin-Chung J, Leontsini E, Naser AM, Parvez SM, Hubbard AE, Lin A, Nizame FA, Jannat K, Ercumen A, Ram PK, Das KK, Abedin J, Clasen TF, Dewey KG, Fernald LC, Null C, Ahmed T, Colford JM Jr.

Lancet Glob Health. 2018 Mar;6(3):e302-e315. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30490-4. Epub 2018 Jan 29.


Fecal Contamination on Produce from Wholesale and Retail Food Markets in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Harris AR, Islam MA, Unicomb L, Boehm AB, Luby S, Davis J, Pickering AJ.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Jan;98(1):287-294. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0255.


Effectiveness of the Hydrogen Sulfide Test as a Water Quality Indicator for Diarrhea Risk in Rural Bangladesh.

Islam M, Ercumen A, Naser AM, Unicomb L, Rahman M, Arnold BF, Colford JM Jr, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Dec;97(6):1867-1871. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0387. Epub 2017 Oct 12.


Pilot of an Elementary School Cough Etiquette Intervention: Acceptability, Feasibility, and Potential for Sustainability.

Sultana F, Nizame FA, Southern DL, Unicomb L, Winch PJ, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Dec;97(6):1876-1885. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0914. Epub 2017 Oct 12.


Comparison of respondent-reported and sensor-recorded latrine utilization measures in rural Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study.

Delea MG, Nagel CL, Thomas EA, Halder AK, Amin N, Shoab AK, Freeman MC, Unicomb L, Clasen TF.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Jul 1;111(7):308-315. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trx058.


Impact of adding hand-washing and water disinfection promotion to oral cholera vaccination on diarrhoea-associated hospitalization in Dhaka, Bangladesh: evidence from a cluster randomized control trial.

Najnin N, Leder K, Qadri F, Forbes A, Unicomb L, Winch PJ, Ram PK, Leontsini E, Nizame FA, Arman S, Begum F, Biswas SK, Clemens JD, Ali M, Cravioto A, Luby SP.

Int J Epidemiol. 2017 Dec 1;46(6):2056-2066. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyx187.


Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh.

Lin A, Arnold BF, Mertens AN, Lin J, Benjamin-Chung J, Ali S, Hubbard AE, Stewart CP, Shoab AK, Rahman MZ, Hossen MS, Mutsuddi P, Famida SL, Akther S, Rahman M, Unicomb L, Dhabhar FS, Fernald LCH, Colford JM, Luby SP.

Elife. 2017 Oct 5;6. pii: e29365. doi: 10.7554/eLife.29365.


Can you taste it? Taste detection and acceptability thresholds for chlorine residual in drinking water in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Crider Y, Sultana S, Unicomb L, Davis J, Luby SP, Pickering AJ.

Sci Total Environ. 2018 Feb 1;613-614:840-846. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.135. Epub 2017 Sep 21.


Stepped-wedge cluster-randomised controlled trial to assess the cardiovascular health effects of a managed aquifer recharge initiative to reduce drinking water salinity in southwest coastal Bangladesh: study design and rationale.

Naser AM, Unicomb L, Doza S, Ahmed KM, Rahman M, Uddin MN, Quraishi SB, Selim S, Shamsudduha M, Burgess W, Chang HH, Gribble MO, Clasen TF, Luby SP.

BMJ Open. 2017 Sep 1;7(9):e015205. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015205.


Piloting a low-cost hardware intervention to reduce improper disposal of solid waste in communal toilets in low-income settlements in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Yeasmin F, Luby SP, Saxton RE, Nizame FA, Alam MU, Dutta NC, Masud AA, Yeasmin D, Layden A, Rahman H, Abbott R, Unicomb L, Winch PJ.

BMC Public Health. 2017 Aug 29;17(1):682. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4693-x.


Assessment of the Acceptability and Feasibility of Child Potties for Safe Child Feces Disposal in Rural Bangladesh.

Hussain F, Luby SP, Unicomb L, Leontsini E, Naushin T, Buckland AJ, Winch PJ.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Aug;97(2):469-476. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0932. Epub 2017 Jul 19.


Menstrual hygiene management among Bangladeshi adolescent schoolgirls and risk factors affecting school absence: results from a cross-sectional survey.

Alam MU, Luby SP, Halder AK, Islam K, Opel A, Shoab AK, Ghosh PK, Rahman M, Mahon T, Unicomb L.

BMJ Open. 2017 Jul 9;7(7):e015508. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015508.


Animal Feces Contribute to Domestic Fecal Contamination: Evidence from E. coli Measured in Water, Hands, Food, Flies, and Soil in Bangladesh.

Ercumen A, Pickering AJ, Kwong LH, Arnold BF, Parvez SM, Alam M, Sen D, Islam S, Kullmann C, Chase C, Ahmed R, Unicomb L, Luby SP, Colford JM Jr.

Environ Sci Technol. 2017 Aug 1;51(15):8725-8734. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.7b01710. Epub 2017 Jul 20.


If I do not have enough water, then how could I bring additional water for toilet cleaning?! Addressing water scarcity to promote hygienic use of shared toilets in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Saxton RE, Yeasmin F, Alam MU, Al-Masud A, Dutta NC, Yeasmin D, Luby SP, Unicomb L, Winch PJ.

Trop Med Int Health. 2017 Sep;22(9):1099-1111. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12914. Epub 2017 Jul 25.


Behaviour change intervention to improve shared toilet maintenance and cleanliness in urban slums of Dhaka: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Alam MU, Winch PJ, Saxton RE, Nizame FA, Yeasmin F, Norman G, Masud AA, Begum F, Rahman M, Hossain K, Layden A, Unicomb L, Luby SP.

Trop Med Int Health. 2017 Aug;22(8):1000-1011. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12902. Epub 2017 Jun 29.


Advantages and limitations for users of double pit pour-flush latrines: a qualitative study in rural Bangladesh.

Hussain F, Clasen T, Akter S, Bawel V, Luby SP, Leontsini E, Unicomb L, Barua MK, Thomas B, Winch PJ.

BMC Public Health. 2017 May 25;17(1):515. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4412-7.


Provision versus promotion to develop a handwashing station: the effect on desired handwashing behavior.

Biswas D, Nizame FA, Sanghvi T, Roy S, Luby SP, Unicomb LE.

BMC Public Health. 2017 May 5;17(1):390. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4316-6.


Behavioral antecedents for handwashing in a low-income urban setting in Bangladesh: an exploratory study.

Rahman MJ, Nizame FA, Unicomb L, Luby SP, Winch PJ.

BMC Public Health. 2017 May 5;17(1):392. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4307-7.


Scaling Up a Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Program in Rural Bangladesh: The Role of Program Implementation.

Benjamin-Chung J, Sultana S, Halder AK, Ahsan MA, Arnold BF, Hubbard AE, Unicomb L, Luby SP, Colford JM Jr.

Am J Public Health. 2017 May;107(5):694-701. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.303686. Epub 2017 Mar 21.


Incidences and Costs of Illness for Diarrhea and Acute Respiratory Infections for Children < 5 Years of Age in Rural Bangladesh.

Halder AK, Luby SP, Akhter S, Ghosh PK, Johnston RB, Unicomb L.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Apr;96(4):953-960. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0005. Epub 2017 Feb 6.


Escherichia coli contamination of child complementary foods and association with domestic hygiene in rural Bangladesh.

Parvez SM, Kwong L, Rahman MJ, Ercumen A, Pickering AJ, Ghosh PK, Rahman MZ, Das KK, Luby SP, Unicomb L.

Trop Med Int Health. 2017 May;22(5):547-557. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12849. Epub 2017 Feb 24.


Can Sanitary Inspection Surveys Predict Risk of Microbiological Contamination of Groundwater Sources? Evidence from Shallow Tubewells in Rural Bangladesh.

Ercumen A, Naser AM, Arnold BF, Unicomb L, Colford JM, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Mar;96(3):561-568. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0489. Epub 2017 Apr 6.


Nonrandomized Trial of Feasibility and Acceptability of Strategies for Promotion of Soapy Water as a Handwashing Agent in Rural Bangladesh.

Ashraf S, Nizame FA, Islam M, Dutta NC, Yeasmin D, Akhter S, Abedin J, Winch PJ, Ram PK, Unicomb L, Leontsini E, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Feb 8;96(2):421-429. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0304. Epub 2016 Dec 26.


Potential sources of bias in the use of Escherichia coli to measure waterborne diarrhoea risk in low-income settings.

Ercumen A, Arnold BF, Naser AM, Unicomb L, Colford JM Jr, Luby SP.

Trop Med Int Health. 2017 Jan;22(1):2-11. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12803. Epub 2016 Nov 25.


Healthcare worker and family caregiver hand hygiene in Bangladeshi healthcare facilities: results from the Bangladesh National Hygiene Baseline Survey.

Horng LM, Unicomb L, Alam MU, Halder AK, Shoab AK, Ghosh PK, Opel A, Islam MK, Luby SP.

J Hosp Infect. 2016 Nov;94(3):286-294. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2016.08.016. Epub 2016 Aug 24.


The Disgust Box: a novel approach to illustrate water contamination with feces.

Jannat K, Rahman M, Unicomb L, Levine D.

Glob Health Promot. 2016 Aug 1. pii: 1757975916658638. [Epub ahead of print]


Hygiene Practices During Food Preparation in Rural Bangladesh: Opportunities to Improve the Impact of Handwashing Interventions.

Nizame FA, Leontsini E, Luby SP, Nuruzzaman M, Parveen S, Winch PJ, Ram PK, Unicomb L.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Aug 3;95(2):288-97. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0377. Epub 2016 Jun 13.


Availability and Quality of Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care in Bangladesh.

Wichaidit W, Alam MU, Halder AK, Unicomb L, Hamer DH, Ram PK.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Aug 3;95(2):298-306. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0350. Epub 2016 Jun 6.


Hand- and Object-Mouthing of Rural Bangladeshi Children 3-18 Months Old.

Kwong LH, Ercumen A, Pickering AJ, Unicomb L, Davis J, Luby SP.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jun 4;13(6). pii: E563. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13060563.


Ruminants Contribute Fecal Contamination to the Urban Household Environment in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Harris AR, Pickering AJ, Harris M, Doza S, Islam MS, Unicomb L, Luby S, Davis J, Boehm AB.

Environ Sci Technol. 2016 May 3;50(9):4642-9. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b06282. Epub 2016 Apr 19.


Toward a Scalable and Sustainable Intervention for Complementary Food Safety.

Rahman MJ, Nizame FA, Nuruzzaman M, Akand F, Islam MA, Parvez SM, Stewart CP, Unicomb L, Luby SP, Winch PJ.

Food Nutr Bull. 2016 Jun;37(2):186-201. doi: 10.1177/0379572116631641. Epub 2016 Mar 4.


Safety and acceptability of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 and Bifidobacterium longum subspecies infantis 35624 in Bangladeshi infants: a phase I randomized clinical trial.

Hoy-Schulz YE, Jannat K, Roberts T, Zaidi SH, Unicomb L, Luby S, Parsonnet J.

BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016 Feb 2;16:44. doi: 10.1186/s12906-016-1016-1.


The Interaction of Deworming, Improved Sanitation, and Household Flooring with Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection in Rural Bangladesh.

Benjamin-Chung J, Nazneen A, Halder AK, Haque R, Siddique A, Uddin MS, Koporc K, Arnold BF, Hubbard AE, Unicomb L, Luby SP, Addiss DG, Colford JM Jr.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Dec 1;9(12):e0004256. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004256. eCollection 2015 Dec.


Microbiological Contamination of Drinking Water Associated with Subsequent Child Diarrhea.

Luby SP, Halder AK, Huda TM, Unicomb L, Islam MS, Arnold BF, Johnston RB.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Nov;93(5):904-11. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0274. Epub 2015 Oct 5.


Feasibility and effectiveness of oral cholera vaccine in an urban endemic setting in Bangladesh: a cluster randomised open-label trial.

Qadri F, Ali M, Chowdhury F, Khan AI, Saha A, Khan IA, Begum YA, Bhuiyan TR, Chowdhury MI, Uddin MJ, Khan JAM, Chowdhury AI, Rahman A, Siddique SA, Asaduzzaman M, Akter A, Khan A, Ae You Y, Siddik AU, Saha NC, Kabir A, Riaz BK, Biswas SK, Begum F, Unicomb L, Luby SP, Cravioto A, Clemens JD.

Lancet. 2015 Oct 3;386(10001):1362-1371. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)61140-0. Epub 2015 Jul 9.


Observed practices and perceived advantages of different hand cleansing agents in rural Bangladesh: ash, soil, and soap.

Nizame FA, Nasreen S, Halder AK, Arman S, Winch PJ, Unicomb L, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Jun;92(6):1111-6. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0378. Epub 2015 Apr 13.


Effects of source- versus household contamination of tubewell water on child diarrhea in rural Bangladesh: a randomized controlled trial.

Ercumen A, Naser AM, Unicomb L, Arnold BF, Colford JM Jr, Luby SP.

PLoS One. 2015 Mar 27;10(3):e0121907. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121907. eCollection 2015.


Differences in field effectiveness and adoption between a novel automated chlorination system and household manual chlorination of drinking water in Dhaka, Bangladesh: a randomized controlled trial.

Pickering AJ, Crider Y, Amin N, Bauza V, Unicomb L, Davis J, Luby SP.

PLoS One. 2015 Mar 3;10(3):e0118397. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118397. eCollection 2015.


Explaining low rates of sustained use of siphon water filter: evidence from follow-up of a randomised controlled trial in Bangladesh.

Najnin N, Arman S, Abedin J, Unicomb L, Levine DI, Mahmud M, Leder K, Yeasmin F, Luoto JE, Albert J, Luby SP.

Trop Med Int Health. 2015 Apr;20(4):471-83. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12448. Epub 2015 Jan 9.


Microbiological evaluation of the efficacy of soapy water to clean hands: a randomized, non-inferiority field trial.

Amin N, Pickering AJ, Ram PK, Unicomb L, Najnin N, Homaira N, Ashraf S, Abedin J, Islam MS, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Aug;91(2):415-23. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0475. Epub 2014 Jun 9.


Toys and toilets: cross-sectional study using children's toys to evaluate environmental faecal contamination in rural Bangladeshi households with different sanitation facilities and practices.

Vujcic J, Ram PK, Hussain F, Unicomb L, Gope PS, Abedin J, Mahmud ZH, Islam MS, Luby SP.

Trop Med Int Health. 2014 May;19(5):528-36. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12292. Epub 2014 Mar 19.


Handwashing before food preparation and child feeding: a missed opportunity for hygiene promotion.

Nizame FA, Unicomb L, Sanghvi T, Roy S, Nuruzzaman M, Ghosh PK, Winch PJ, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Dec;89(6):1179-85. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0434. Epub 2013 Sep 30.


Designing a handwashing station for infrastructure-restricted communities in Bangladesh using the integrated behavioural model for water, sanitation and hygiene interventions (IBM-WASH).

Hulland KR, Leontsini E, Dreibelbis R, Unicomb L, Afroz A, Dutta NC, Nizame FA, Luby SP, Ram PK, Winch PJ.

BMC Public Health. 2013 Sep 23;13:877. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-877.


Cluster-randomised controlled trials of individual and combined water, sanitation, hygiene and nutritional interventions in rural Bangladesh and Kenya: the WASH Benefits study design and rationale.

Arnold BF, Null C, Luby SP, Unicomb L, Stewart CP, Dewey KG, Ahmed T, Ashraf S, Christensen G, Clasen T, Dentz HN, Fernald LC, Haque R, Hubbard AE, Kariger P, Leontsini E, Lin A, Njenga SM, Pickering AJ, Ram PK, Tofail F, Winch PJ, Colford JM Jr.

BMJ Open. 2013 Aug 30;3(8):e003476. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003476.


Household environmental conditions are associated with enteropathy and impaired growth in rural Bangladesh.

Lin A, Arnold BF, Afreen S, Goto R, Huda TM, Haque R, Raqib R, Unicomb L, Ahmed T, Colford JM Jr, Luby SP.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Jul;89(1):130-7. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.12-0629. Epub 2013 Apr 29.


An improved tool for household faeces management in rural Bangladeshi communities.

Sultana R, Mondal UK, Rimi NA, Unicomb L, Winch PJ, Nahar N, Luby SP.

Trop Med Int Health. 2013 Jul;18(7):854-60. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12103. Epub 2013 Apr 5.


Learning to dislike safe water products: results from a randomized controlled trial of the effects of direct and peer experience on willingness to pay.

Luoto J, Mahmud M, Albert J, Luby S, Najnin N, Unicomb L, Levine DI.

Environ Sci Technol. 2012 Jun 5;46(11):6244-51. doi: 10.1021/es2027967. Epub 2012 May 16.


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