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Response to Comment on "Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection".

Siepielski AM, Morrissey MB, Buoro M, Carlson SM, Caruso CM, Clegg SM, Coulson T, DiBattista J, Gotanda KM, Francis CD, Hereford J, Kingsolver JG, Augustine KE, Kruuk LEB, Martin RA, Sheldon BC, Sletvold N, Svensson EI, Wade MJ, MacColl ADC.

Science. 2018 Jan 26;359(6374). pii: eaan5760. doi: 10.1126/science.aan5760.


Maternal-by-environment but not genotype-by-environment interactions in a fish without parental care.

Vega-Trejo R, Head ML, Jennions MD, Kruuk LEB.

Heredity (Edinb). 2018 Jan;120(2):154-167. doi: 10.1038/s41437-017-0029-y. Epub 2017 Dec 11.


Evidence for Selection-by-Environment but Not Genotype-by-Environment Interactions for Fitness-Related Traits in a Wild Mammal Population.

Hayward AD, Pemberton JM, Berenos C, Wilson AJ, Pilkington JG, Kruuk LEB.

Genetics. 2018 Jan;208(1):349-364. doi: 10.1534/genetics.117.300498. Epub 2017 Nov 10.


Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection.

Siepielski AM, Morrissey MB, Buoro M, Carlson SM, Caruso CM, Clegg SM, Coulson T, DiBattista J, Gotanda KM, Francis CD, Hereford J, Kingsolver JG, Augustine KE, Kruuk LE, Martin RA, Sheldon BC, Sletvold N, Svensson EI, Wade MJ, MacColl AD.

Science. 2017 Mar 3;355(6328):959-962. doi: 10.1126/science.aag2773.


A new explanation for unexpected evolution in body size.

Kruuk LE.

PLoS Biol. 2017 Feb 22;15(2):e2001832. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2001832. eCollection 2017 Feb.


Evolution of elaborate parental care: phenotypic and genetic correlations between parent and offspring traits.

Andrews CP, Kruuk LE, Smiseth PT.

Behav Ecol. 2017 Jan-Feb;28(1):39-48. doi: 10.1093/beheco/arw129. Epub 2016 Aug 22.


Endocranial volume is heritable and is associated with longevity and fitness in a wild mammal.

Logan CJ, Kruuk LE, Stanley R, Thompson AM, Clutton-Brock TH.

R Soc Open Sci. 2016 Dec 14;3(12):160622. doi: 10.1098/rsos.160622. eCollection 2016 Dec.


Seroprevalence of respiratory viral pathogens of indigenous calves in Western Kenya.

Callaby R, Toye P, Jennings A, Thumbi SM, Coetzer JA, Conradie Van Wyk IC, Hanotte O, Mbole-Kariuki MN, Bronsvoort BM, Kruuk LE, Woolhouse ME, Kiara H.

Res Vet Sci. 2016 Oct;108:120-4. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2016.08.010. Epub 2016 Aug 26.


Relative costs of offspring sex and offspring survival in a polygynous mammal.

Froy H, Walling CA, Pemberton JM, Clutton-Brock TH, Kruuk LE.

Biol Lett. 2016 Sep;12(9). pii: 20160417. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0417.


Phenological sensitivity to climate across taxa and trophic levels.

Thackeray SJ, Henrys PA, Hemming D, Bell JR, Botham MS, Burthe S, Helaouet P, Johns DG, Jones ID, Leech DI, Mackay EB, Massimino D, Atkinson S, Bacon PJ, Brereton TM, Carvalho L, Clutton-Brock TH, Duck C, Edwards M, Elliott JM, Hall SJ, Harrington R, Pearce-Higgins JW, Høye TT, Kruuk LE, Pemberton JM, Sparks TH, Thompson PM, White I, Winfield IJ, Wanless S.

Nature. 2016 Jul 14;535(7611):241-5. doi: 10.1038/nature18608. Epub 2016 Jun 29.


Inbreeding depression across the lifespan in a wild mammal population.

Huisman J, Kruuk LE, Ellis PA, Clutton-Brock T, Pemberton JM.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 29;113(13):3585-90. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1518046113. Epub 2016 Mar 15.


Testosterone and cortisol concentrations vary with reproductive status in wild female red deer.

Pavitt AT, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE, Walling CA.

Ecol Evol. 2016 Jan 25;6(4):1163-72. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1945. eCollection 2016 Feb.


Co-infections determine patterns of mortality in a population exposed to parasite infection.

Woolhouse ME, Thumbi SM, Jennings A, Chase-Topping M, Callaby R, Kiara H, Oosthuizen MC, Mbole-Kariuki MN, Conradie I, Handel IG, Poole EJ, Njiiri E, Collins NE, Murray G, Tapio M, Auguet OT, Weir W, Morrison WI, Kruuk LE, Bronsvoort BM, Hanotte O, Coetzer K, Toye PG.

Sci Adv. 2015 Mar 20;1(2):e1400026. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1400026. eCollection 2015 Mar.


Public Data Archiving in Ecology and Evolution: How Well Are We Doing?

Roche DG, Kruuk LE, Lanfear R, Binning SA.

PLoS Biol. 2015 Nov 10;13(11):e1002295. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002295. eCollection 2015.


Sex-specific maternal effects in a viviparous fish.

Kruuk LE, Livingston J, Kahn A, Jennions MD.

Biol Lett. 2015 Aug;11(8). pii: 20150472. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0472.


Cortisol but not testosterone is repeatable and varies with reproductive effort in wild red deer stags.

Pavitt AT, Walling CA, Möstl E, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2015 Oct 1;222:62-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2015.07.009. Epub 2015 Jul 23.


Contrasting effects of climate on juvenile body size in a Southern Hemisphere passerine bird.

Kruuk LE, Osmond HL, Cockburn A.

Glob Chang Biol. 2015 Aug;21(8):2929-41. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12926. Epub 2015 Jun 8.


Heritability and cross-sex genetic correlations of early-life circulating testosterone levels in a wild mammal.

Pavitt AT, Walling CA, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Biol Lett. 2014 Nov;10(11):20140685. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0685.


A multivariate analysis of genetic constraints to life history evolution in a wild population of red deer.

Walling CA, Morrissey MB, Foerster K, Clutton-Brock TH, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Genetics. 2014 Dec;198(4):1735-49. doi: 10.1534/genetics.114.164319. Epub 2014 Oct 2.


Variation and covariation in strongyle infection in East African shorthorn zebu calves.

Callaby R, Hanotte O, Conradie Van Wyk I, Kiara H, Toye P, Mbole-Kariuki MN, Jennings A, Thumbi SM, Coetzer JA, de C Bronsvoort BM, Knott SA, Woolhouse ME, Kruuk LE.

Parasitology. 2015 Mar;142(3):499-511. doi: 10.1017/S0031182014001498. Epub 2014 Sep 26.


Troubleshooting public data archiving: suggestions to increase participation.

Roche DG, Lanfear R, Binning SA, Haff TM, Schwanz LE, Cain KE, Kokko H, Jennions MD, Kruuk LE.

PLoS Biol. 2014 Jan 28;12(1):e1001779. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001779. eCollection 2014 Jan.


Delayed phenology and reduced fitness associated with climate change in a wild hibernator.

Lane JE, Kruuk LE, Charmantier A, Murie JO, Dobson FS.

Nature. 2012 Sep 27;489(7417):554-7. doi: 10.1038/nature11335. Epub 2012 Aug 8.


The prediction of adaptive evolution: empirical application of the secondary theorem of selection and comparison to the breeder's equation.

Morrissey MB, Parker DJ, Korsten P, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE, Wilson AJ.

Evolution. 2012 Aug;66(8):2399-410. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01632.x. Epub 2012 Apr 10.


Inbreeding and inbreeding depression of early life traits in a cooperative mammal.

Nielsen JF, English S, Goodall-Copestake WP, Wang J, Walling CA, Bateman AW, Flower TP, Sutcliffe RL, Samson J, Thavarajah NK, Kruuk LE, Clutton-Brock TH, Pemberton JM.

Mol Ecol. 2012 Jun;21(11):2788-804. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05565.x. Epub 2012 Apr 12.


Genetic analysis of life-history constraint and evolution in a wild ungulate population.

Morrissey MB, Walling CA, Wilson AJ, Pemberton JM, Clutton-Brock TH, Kruuk LE.

Am Nat. 2012 Apr;179(4):E97-114. doi: 10.1086/664686. Epub 2012 Feb 27.


Inbreeding depression in red deer calves.

Walling CA, Nussey DH, Morris A, Clutton-Brock TH, Kruuk LE, Pemberton JM.

BMC Evol Biol. 2011 Oct 31;11:318. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-318.


A quantitative genetic analysis of hibernation emergence date in a wild population of Columbian ground squirrels.

Lane JE, Kruuk LE, Charmantier A, Murie JO, Coltman DW, Buoro M, Raveh S, Dobson FS.

J Evol Biol. 2011 Sep;24(9):1949-59. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2011.02334.x. Epub 2011 Jun 17.


Natural selection on a measure of parasite resistance varies across ages and environmental conditions in a wild mammal.

Hayward AD, Wilson AJ, Pilkington JG, Clutton-Brock TH, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

J Evol Biol. 2011 Aug;24(8):1664-76. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2011.02300.x. Epub 2011 Jun 10.


Speeding up microevolution: the effects of increasing temperature on selection and genetic variance in a wild bird population.

Husby A, Visser ME, Kruuk LE.

PLoS Biol. 2011 Feb;9(2):e1000585. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000585. Epub 2011 Feb 1.


Indirect genetics effects and evolutionary constraint: an analysis of social dominance in red deer, Cervus elaphus.

Wilson AJ, Morrissey MB, Adams MJ, Walling CA, Guinness FE, Pemberton JM, Clutton-Brock TH, Kruuk LE.

J Evol Biol. 2011 Apr;24(4):772-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02212.x. Epub 2011 Feb 3.


Cryptic evolution: does environmental deterioration have a genetic basis?

Hadfield JD, Wilson AJ, Kruuk LE.

Genetics. 2011 Apr;187(4):1099-113. doi: 10.1534/genetics.110.124990. Epub 2011 Jan 17.


Variances and covariances of phenological traits in a wild mammal population.

Clements MN, Clutton-Brock TH, Guinness FE, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Evolution. 2011 Mar;65(3):788-801. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.01161.x. Epub 2010 Nov 2.


The danger of applying the breeder's equation in observational studies of natural populations.

Morrissey MB, Kruuk LE, Wilson AJ.

J Evol Biol. 2010 Nov;23(11):2277-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.02084.x. Epub 2010 Sep 9.


Getting the timing right: antler growth phenology and sexual selection in a wild red deer population.

Clements MN, Clutton-Brock TH, Albon SD, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Oecologia. 2010 Oct;164(2):357-68. doi: 10.1007/s00442-010-1656-7. Epub 2010 May 18.


An ecologist's guide to the animal model.

Wilson AJ, Réale D, Clements MN, Morrissey MM, Postma E, Walling CA, Kruuk LE, Nussey DH.

J Anim Ecol. 2010 Jan;79(1):13-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2009.01639.x. Erratum in: J Anim Ecol. 2011 Sep;80(5):1109.


Comparing parentage inference software: reanalysis of a red deer pedigree.

Walling CA, Pemberton JM, Hadfield JD, Kruuk LE.

Mol Ecol. 2010 May;19(9):1914-28. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04604.x. Epub 2010 Mar 23.


Contrasting patterns of phenotypic plasticity in reproductive traits in two great tit (Parus major) populations.

Husby A, Nussey DH, Visser ME, Wilson AJ, Sheldon BC, Kruuk LE.

Evolution. 2010 Aug;64(8):2221-37. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.00991.x. Epub 2010 Mar 18.


Maternal effects and early-life performance are associated with parasite resistance across life in free-living Soay sheep.

Hayward AD, Pilkington JG, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Parasitology. 2010 Jul;137(8):1261-73. doi: 10.1017/S0031182010000193. Epub 2010 Mar 17.


The misuse of BLUP in ecology and evolution.

Hadfield JD, Wilson AJ, Garant D, Sheldon BC, Kruuk LE.

Am Nat. 2010 Jan;175(1):116-25. doi: 10.1086/648604.


Inter- and intrasexual variation in aging patterns across reproductive traits in a wild red deer population.

Nussey DH, Kruuk LE, Morris A, Clements MN, Pemberton JM, Clutton-Brock TH.

Am Nat. 2009 Sep;174(3):342-57. doi: 10.1086/603615.


Ageing in a variable habitat: environmental stress affects senescence in parasite resistance in St Kilda Soay sheep.

Hayward AD, Wilson AJ, Pilkington JG, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Proc Biol Sci. 2009 Oct 7;276(1672):3477-85. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0906. Epub 2009 Jul 8.


Sexual conflict in twins: male co-twins reduce fitness of female Soay sheep.

Korsten P, Clutton-Brock T, Pilkington JG, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Biol Lett. 2009 Oct 23;5(5):663-6. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0366. Epub 2009 Jun 3.


Decline in the frequency and benefits of multiple brooding in great tits as a consequence of a changing environment.

Husby A, Kruuk LE, Visser ME.

Proc Biol Sci. 2009 May 22;276(1663):1845-54. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1937. Epub 2009 Feb 25.


Trading offspring size for number in a variable environment: selection on reproductive investment in female Soay sheep.

Wilson AJ, Pemberton JM, Pilkington JG, Clutton-Brock TH, Kruuk LE.

J Anim Ecol. 2009 Mar;78(2):354-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01489.x.


The impact of environmental heterogeneity on genetic architecture in a wild population of Soay sheep.

Robinson MR, Wilson AJ, Pilkington JG, Clutton-Brock TH, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE.

Genetics. 2009 Apr;181(4):1639-48. doi: 10.1534/genetics.108.086801. Epub 2009 Feb 9.


Evolution of genetic integration between dispersal and colonization ability in a bird.

Duckworth RA, Kruuk LE.

Evolution. 2009 Apr;63(4):968-77. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00625.x. Epub 2009 Jan 14.


Phenotypic selection on a heritable size trait revisited.

Kruuk LE, Merilä J, Sheldon BC.

Am Nat. 2001 Dec;158(6):557-71. doi: 10.1086/323585.


Estimating the functional form for the density dependence from life history data.

Coulson T, Ezard TH, Pelletier F, Tavecchia G, Stenseth NC, Childs DZ, Pilkington JG, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LE, Clutton-Brock TH, Crawley MJ.

Ecology. 2008 Jun;89(6):1661-74.


Environmental heterogeneity generates fluctuating selection on a secondary sexual trait.

Robinson MR, Pilkington JG, Clutton-Brock TH, Pemberton JM, Kruuk LEB.

Curr Biol. 2008 May 20;18(10):751-757. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2008.04.059.


Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in response to climate change in a wild bird population.

Charmantier A, McCleery RH, Cole LR, Perrins C, Kruuk LE, Sheldon BC.

Science. 2008 May 9;320(5877):800-3. doi: 10.1126/science.1157174.

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