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PLoS One. 2017 Apr 19;12(4):e0174886. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174886. eCollection 2017.

Revising mtDNA haplotypes of the ancient Hungarian conquerors with next generation sequencing.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.
2
Department of Biological Anthropology University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.
3
Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Health Center, University of Szeged, Faculty of Medicine, Szeged, Hungary.
4
SeqOmics Biotechnology Ltd., Mórahalom, Hungary.
5
Institute of Biochemistry, Biological Research Centre, Szeged, Hungary.
6
Institute of Genetics, Biological Research Centre, Szeged, Hungary.

Abstract

As part of the effort to create a high resolution representative sequence database of the medieval Hungarian conquerors we have resequenced the entire mtDNA genome of 24 published ancient samples with Next Generation Sequencing, whose haplotypes had been previously determined with traditional PCR based methods. We show that PCR based methods are prone to erroneous haplotype or haplogroup determination due to ambiguous sequence reads, and many of the resequenced samples had been classified inaccurately. The SNaPshot method applied with published ancient DNA authenticity criteria is the most straightforward and cheapest PCR based approach for testing a large number of coding region SNP-s, which greatly facilitates correct haplogroup determination.

PMID:
28422985
PMCID:
PMC5396865
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0174886
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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