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Risk-based strategies for surveillance of tuberculosis infection in cattle for low-risk areas in England and Scotland.

Salvador LCM, Deason M, Enright J, Bessell PR, Kao RR.

Epidemiol Infect. 2018 Jan;146(1):107-118. doi: 10.1017/S0950268817001935. Epub 2017 Dec 6.


An Integrated Framework for Process-Driven Model Construction in Disease Ecology and Animal Health.

Mancy R, Brock PM, Kao RR.

Front Vet Sci. 2017 Sep 27;4:155. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2017.00155. eCollection 2017. Review.


Relative abundance of Mycobacterium bovis molecular types in cattle: a simulation study of potential epidemiological drivers.

Trewby H, Wright DM, Skuce RA, McCormick C, Mallon TR, Presho EL, Kao RR, Haydon DT, Biek R.

BMC Vet Res. 2017 Aug 22;13(1):268. doi: 10.1186/s12917-017-1190-5.


Quantifying the roles of host movement and vector dispersal in the transmission of vector-borne diseases of livestock.

Sumner T, Orton RJ, Green DM, Kao RR, Gubbins S.

PLoS Comput Biol. 2017 Apr 3;13(4):e1005470. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005470. eCollection 2017 Apr.


Plasmodium knowlesi invasion following spread by infected mosquitoes, macaques and humans.

Yakob L, Lloyd AL, Kao RR, Ferguson HM, Brock PM, Drakeley C, Bonsall MB.

Parasitology. 2018 Jan;145(1):101-110. doi: 10.1017/S0031182016002456. Epub 2017 Mar 27.


Using whole genome sequencing to investigate transmission in a multi-host system: bovine tuberculosis in New Zealand.

Crispell J, Zadoks RN, Harris SR, Paterson B, Collins DM, de-Lisle GW, Livingstone P, Neill MA, Biek R, Lycett SJ, Kao RR, Price-Carter M.

BMC Genomics. 2017 Feb 16;18(1):180. doi: 10.1186/s12864-017-3569-x.


Modelling the impact of co-circulating low pathogenic avian influenza viruses on epidemics of highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry.

Nickbakhsh S, Hall MD, Dorigatti I, Lycett SJ, Mulatti P, Monne I, Fusaro A, Woolhouse MEJ, Rambaut A, Kao RR.

Epidemics. 2016 Dec;17:27-34. doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2016.10.005. Epub 2016 Oct 19.


A fast algorithm for calculating an expected outbreak size on dynamic contagion networks.

Enright J, Kao RR.

Epidemics. 2016 Sep;16:56-62. doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2016.05.002. Epub 2016 May 24.


Use of genomics to track bovine tuberculosis transmission.

Kao RR, Price-Carter M, Robbe-Austerman S.

Rev Sci Tech. 2016 Apr;35(1):241-58. doi: 10.20506/rst.35.1.2430. Review.


Use of bacterial whole-genome sequencing to investigate local persistence and spread in bovine tuberculosis.

Trewby H, Wright D, Breadon EL, Lycett SJ, Mallon TR, McCormick C, Johnson P, Orton RJ, Allen AR, Galbraith J, Herzyk P, Skuce RA, Biek R, Kao RR.

Epidemics. 2016 Mar;14:26-35. doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2015.08.003. Epub 2015 Oct 19.


Broadwick: a framework for computational epidemiology.

O'Hare A, Lycett SJ, Doherty T, Salvador LC, Kao RR.

BMC Bioinformatics. 2016 Feb 4;17:65. doi: 10.1186/s12859-016-0903-2.


Plasmodium knowlesi transmission: integrating quantitative approaches from epidemiology and ecology to understand malaria as a zoonosis.

Brock PM, Fornace KM, Parmiter M, Cox J, Drakeley CJ, Ferguson HM, Kao RR.

Parasitology. 2016 Apr;143(4):389-400. doi: 10.1017/S0031182015001821. Epub 2016 Jan 28. Review.


Determining the impact of badger culling on the incidence of TB in cattle.

Kao RR.

Vet Rec. 2015 Oct 24;177(16):415-6. doi: 10.1136/vr.h5493. No abstract available.


Herd-level bovine tuberculosis risk factors: assessing the role of low-level badger population disturbance.

Wright DM, Reid N, Ian Montgomery W, Allen AR, Skuce RA, Kao RR.

Sci Rep. 2015 Aug 17;5:13062. doi: 10.1038/srep13062.


A few bad apples: a model of disease influenced agent behaviour in a heterogeneous contact environment.

Enright J, Kao RR.

PLoS One. 2015 Mar 3;10(3):e0118127. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118127. eCollection 2015.


Estimating epidemiological parameters for bovine tuberculosis in British cattle using a Bayesian partial-likelihood approach.

O'Hare A, Orton RJ, Bessell PR, Kao RR.

Proc Biol Sci. 2014 Apr 9;281(1783):20140248. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0248. Print 2014 May 22.


Supersize me: how whole-genome sequencing and big data are transforming epidemiology.

Kao RR, Haydon DT, Lycett SJ, Murcia PR.

Trends Microbiol. 2014 May;22(5):282-91. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2014.02.011. Epub 2014 Mar 22. Review.


A metapopulation model for highly pathogenic avian influenza: implications for compartmentalization as a control measure.

Nickbakhsh S, Matthews L, Reid SW, Kao RR.

Epidemiol Infect. 2014 Sep;142(9):1813-25. doi: 10.1017/S0950268813002963. Epub 2013 Dec 5.


An online survey of horse-owners in Great Britain.

Boden LA, Parkin TD, Yates J, Mellor D, Kao RR.

BMC Vet Res. 2013 Sep 28;9:188. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-9-188.


A restatement of the natural science evidence base relevant to the control of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain.

Godfray HC, Donnelly CA, Kao RR, Macdonald DW, McDonald RA, Petrokofsky G, Wood JL, Woodroffe R, Young DB, McLean AR.

Proc Biol Sci. 2013 Aug 7;280(1768):20131634. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.1634. Print 2013 Oct 7.


Implications of within-farm transmission for network dynamics: consequences for the spread of avian influenza.

Nickbakhsh S, Matthews L, Dent JE, Innocent GT, Arnold ME, Reid SW, Kao RR.

Epidemics. 2013 Jun;5(2):67-76. doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2013.03.001. Epub 2013 Mar 15.


Whole genome sequencing reveals local transmission patterns of Mycobacterium bovis in sympatric cattle and badger populations.

Biek R, O'Hare A, Wright D, Mallon T, McCormick C, Orton RJ, McDowell S, Trewby H, Skuce RA, Kao RR.

PLoS Pathog. 2012;8(11):e1003008. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003008. Epub 2012 Nov 29.


Developing a framework for risk-based surveillance of tuberculosis in cattle: a case study of its application in Scotland.

Bessell PR, Orton R, O'Hare A, Mellor DJ, Logue D, Kao RR.

Epidemiol Infect. 2013 Feb;141(2):314-23. doi: 10.1017/S0950268812000635. Epub 2012 Apr 26. Erratum in: Epidemiol Infect. 2013 Feb;141(2):324.


Risk factors for bovine Tuberculosis at the national level in Great Britain.

Bessell PR, Orton R, White PC, Hutchings MR, Kao RR.

BMC Vet Res. 2012 May 7;8:51. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-8-51.


Risk of Foot-and-Mouth Disease spread due to sole occupancy authorities and linked cattle holdings.

Orton RJ, Bessell PR, Birch CP, O'Hare A, Kao RR.

PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e35089. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035089. Epub 2012 Apr 19.


Summary of current knowledge of the size and spatial distribution of the horse population within Great Britain.

Boden LA, Parkin TD, Yates J, Mellor D, Kao RR.

BMC Vet Res. 2012 Apr 4;8:43. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-8-43.


An ecological and comparative perspective on the control of bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland.

O'Connor CM, Haydon DT, Kao RR.

Prev Vet Med. 2012 May 1;104(3-4):185-97. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.11.010. Epub 2011 Dec 21. Review.


Generating social network data using partially described networks: an example informing avian influenza control in the British poultry industry.

Nickbakhsh S, Matthews L, Bessell PR, Reid SW, Kao RR.

BMC Vet Res. 2011 Oct 25;7:66. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-7-66.


The potential spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus via dynamic contacts between poultry premises in Great Britain.

Dent JE, Kiss IZ, Kao RR, Arnold M.

BMC Vet Res. 2011 Oct 13;7:59. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-7-59.


Tools to study trends in community structure: application to fish and livestock trading networks.

Green DM, Werkman M, Munro LA, Kao RR, Kiss IZ, Danon L.

Prev Vet Med. 2011 May 1;99(2-4):225-8. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2011.01.008. Epub 2011 Feb 26.


Use of a preclinical test in the control of classical scrapie.

Boden LA, Houston F, Fryer HR, Kao RR.

J Gen Virol. 2010 Oct;91(Pt 10):2642-50. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.022566-0. Epub 2010 Jun 23.


Revealing the history of sheep domestication using retrovirus integrations.

Chessa B, Pereira F, Arnaud F, Amorim A, Goyache F, Mainland I, Kao RR, Pemberton JM, Beraldi D, Stear MJ, Alberti A, Pittau M, Iannuzzi L, Banabazi MH, Kazwala RR, Zhang YP, Arranz JJ, Ali BA, Wang Z, Uzun M, Dione MM, Olsaker I, Holm LE, Saarma U, Ahmad S, Marzanov N, Eythorsdottir E, Holland MJ, Ajmone-Marsan P, Bruford MW, Kantanen J, Spencer TE, Palmarini M.

Science. 2009 Apr 24;324(5926):532-6. doi: 10.1126/science.1170587.


A contact-network-based formulation of a preferential mixing model.

Kiss IZ, Simon PL, Kao RR.

Bull Math Biol. 2009 May;71(4):888-905. doi: 10.1007/s11538-008-9386-2. Epub 2009 Feb 12.


Contact structures in the poultry industry in Great Britain: exploring transmission routes for a potential avian influenza virus epidemic.

Dent JE, Kao RR, Kiss IZ, Hyder K, Arnold M.

BMC Vet Res. 2008 Jul 23;4:27. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-4-27.


Estimates for local and movement-based transmission of bovine tuberculosis in British cattle.

Green DM, Kiss IZ, Mitchell AP, Kao RR.

Proc Biol Sci. 2008 May 7;275(1638):1001-5. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2007.1601.


Demographic risk factors for classical and atypical scrapie in Great Britain.

Green DM, Del Rio Vilas VJ, Birch CP, Johnson J, Kiss IZ, McCarthy ND, Kao RR.

J Gen Virol. 2007 Dec;88(Pt 12):3486-92.


Data quality of the Cattle Tracing System in Great Britain.

Green DM, Kao RR.

Vet Rec. 2007 Sep 29;161(13):439-43.


Mycobacterium bovis shedding patterns from experimentally infected calves and the effect of concurrent infection with bovine viral diarrhoea virus.

Kao RR, Gravenor MB, Charleston B, Hope JC, Martin M, Howard CJ.

J R Soc Interface. 2007 Jun 22;4(14):545-51.


Modelling the initial spread of foot-and-mouth disease through animal movements.

Green DM, Kiss IZ, Kao RR.

Proc Biol Sci. 2006 Nov 7;273(1602):2729-35.


Infectious disease control using contact tracing in random and scale-free networks.

Kiss IZ, Green DM, Kao RR.

J R Soc Interface. 2006 Feb 22;3(6):55-62.


Demographic structure and pathogen dynamics on the network of livestock movements in Great Britain.

Kao RR, Danon L, Green DM, Kiss IZ.

Proc Biol Sci. 2006 Aug 22;273(1597):1999-2007.


Evolution of pathogens towards low R0 in heterogeneous populations.

Kao RR.

J Theor Biol. 2006 Oct 7;242(3):634-42. Epub 2006 Apr 25.


The effect of contact heterogeneity and multiple routes of transmission on final epidemic size.

Kiss IZ, Green DM, Kao RR.

Math Biosci. 2006 Sep;203(1):124-36. Epub 2006 Apr 19.


Parameterization of individual-based models: comparisons with deterministic mean-field models.

Green DM, Kiss IZ, Kao RR.

J Theor Biol. 2006 Apr 7;239(3):289-97. Epub 2005 Sep 8.


Disease contact tracing in random and clustered networks.

Kiss IZ, Green DM, Kao RR.

Proc Biol Sci. 2005 Jul 7;272(1570):1407-14.


The UK foot-and-mouth disease outbreak - the aftermath.

Haydon DT, Kao RR, Kitching RP.

Nat Rev Microbiol. 2004 Aug;2(8):675-81. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro960. Review. No abstract available.


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