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Science. 2015 May 22;348(6237):1262073. doi: 10.1126/science.1262073.

Ocean plankton. Determinants of community structure in the global plankton interactome.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. VIB Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Department of Applied Biological Sciences (DBIT) Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
2
Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7144, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universités, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Université Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France.
3
Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7144, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universités, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Université Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Ecole Normale Supérieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), Inserm U1024, CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France.
4
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. VIB Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Department of Applied Biological Sciences (DBIT) Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Interuniversity Institute of Bioinformatics in Brussels (IB), ULB Machine Learning Group, Computer Science Department, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.
5
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA.
6
VIB Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Ecole Normale Supérieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), Inserm U1024, CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France.
7
Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7144, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universités, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Université Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Ecole Normale Supérieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), Inserm U1024, CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France. Institut de Biologie Paris-Seine, CNRS FR3631, F-75005, Paris, France.
8
VIB Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Department of Applied Biological Sciences (DBIT) Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.
9
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. VIB Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.
10
CNRS, UMR 7093, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV), Observatoire Océanologique, F-06230 Villefranche-sur-mer, France. Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Paris 06, UMR 7093, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV), Observatoire Océanologique, F-06230 Villefranche-sur-mer, France.
11
Interuniversity Institute of Bioinformatics in Brussels (IB), ULB Machine Learning Group, Computer Science Department, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.
12
Department of Marine Biology and Oceanography, Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM)-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Pg. Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, Barcelona E08003, Spain.
13
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC, Université Paris 06, CNRS-Institut pour la Recherche et le Développement-Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentations et Approches Numériques (LOCEAN) Laboratory, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005, Paris, France.
14
KU Leuven, Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, Charles Deberiotstraat 32, 3000 Leuven.
15
PANGAEA, Data Publisher for Earth and Environmental Science, University of Bremen, Hochschulring 18, 28359 Bremen, Germany. MARUM, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Hochschulring 18, 28359 Bremen, Germany.
16
Structural and Computational Biology, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. Directors' Research, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.
17
Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, 611-0011 Kyoto, Japan.
18
Department of Geosciences, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD), Ecole Normale Supérieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Laboratoire de Physique des Océan, Université de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO)-Institut Universaire Européen de la Mer (IUEM), Palce Copernic, 29820 Polouzané, France.
19
Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (CEA), Genoscope, 2 rue Gaston Crémieux, 91000 Evry, France. CNRS, UMR 8030, 2 rue Gaston Crémieux, 91000 Evry, France. Université d'Evry, UMR 8030, CP5706 Evry, France.
20
Structural and Computational Biology, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
21
Structural and Computational Biology, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. Max-Delbrück-Centre for Molecular Medicine, 13092 Berlin, Germany.
22
Ecole Normale Supérieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), Inserm U1024, CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France. Directors' Research, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany. jeroen.raes@vib-kuleuven.be vargas@sb-roscoff.fr cbowler@biologie.ens.fr karsenti@embl.de.
23
Ecole Normale Supérieure, Institut de Biologie de l'ENS (IBENS), Inserm U1024, CNRS UMR 8197, Paris, F-75005 France. jeroen.raes@vib-kuleuven.be vargas@sb-roscoff.fr cbowler@biologie.ens.fr karsenti@embl.de.
24
Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7144, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. Sorbonne Universités, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) Université Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, 29680 Roscoff, France. jeroen.raes@vib-kuleuven.be vargas@sb-roscoff.fr cbowler@biologie.ens.fr karsenti@embl.de.
25
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. VIB Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Department of Applied Biological Sciences (DBIT) Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. jeroen.raes@vib-kuleuven.be vargas@sb-roscoff.fr cbowler@biologie.ens.fr karsenti@embl.de.

Abstract

Species interaction networks are shaped by abiotic and biotic factors. Here, as part of the Tara Oceans project, we studied the photic zone interactome using environmental factors and organismal abundance profiles and found that environmental factors are incomplete predictors of community structure. We found associations across plankton functional types and phylogenetic groups to be nonrandomly distributed on the network and driven by both local and global patterns. We identified interactions among grazers, primary producers, viruses, and (mainly parasitic) symbionts and validated network-generated hypotheses using microscopy to confirm symbiotic relationships. We have thus provided a resource to support further research on ocean food webs and integrating biological components into ocean models.

PMID:
25999517
DOI:
10.1126/science.1262073
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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