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Physiol Rep. 2017 Sep;5(18). pii: e13458. doi: 10.14814/phy2.13458. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Hind limb motoneurons activity during fictive locomotion or scratching induced by pinna stimulation, serotonin, or glutamic acid in brain cortex-ablated cats.

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Department of Neurosciences, CUCS, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Basic Center, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, Mexico.
Department of Computational Sciences CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.
Department of Physiology, CUCS, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.
Department of Neurosciences, CUCS, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.


In brain cortex-ablated cats (BCAC), hind limb motoneurons activity patterns were studied during fictive locomotion (FL) or fictive scratching (FS) induced by pinna stimulation. In order to study motoneurons excitability: heteronymous monosynaptic reflex (HeMR), intracellular recording, and individual Ia afferent fiber antidromic activity (AA) were analyzed. The intraspinal cord microinjections of serotonin or glutamic acid effects were made to study their influence in FL or FS During FS, HeMR amplitude in extensor and bifunctional motoneurons increased prior to or during the respective electroneurogram (ENG). In soleus (SOL) motoneurons were reduced during the scratch cycle (SC). AA in medial gastrocnemius (MG) Ia afferent individual fibers of L6-L7 dorsal roots did not occur during FS Flexor digitorum longus (FDL) and MG motoneurons fired with doublets during the FS bursting activity, motoneuron membrane potential from some posterior biceps (PB) motoneurons exhibits a depolarization in relation to the PB (ENG). It changed to a locomotor drive potential in relation to one of the double ENG, PB bursts. In FDL and semitendinosus (ST) motoneurons, the membrane potential was depolarized during FS, but it did not change during FL Glutamic acid injected in the L3-L4 spinal cord segment favored the transition from FS to FL During FL, glutamic acid produces a duration increase of extensors ENGs. Serotonin increases the ENG amplitude in extensor motoneurons, as well as the duration of scratching episodes. It did not change the SC duration. Segregation and motoneurons excitability could be regulated by the rhythmic generator and the pattern generator of the central pattern generator.


Glutamic acid; locomotion; scratching; serotonin

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