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TLR5-deficient mice lack basal inflammatory and metabolic defects but exhibit impaired CD4 T cell responses to a flagellated pathogen.

Letran SE, Lee SJ, Atif SM, Flores-Langarica A, Uematsu S, Akira S, Cunningham AF, McSorley SJ.

J Immunol. 2011 May 1;186(9):5406-12. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1003576.


Antibiotic treatment alters the colonic mucus layer and predisposes the host to exacerbated Citrobacter rodentium-induced colitis.

Wlodarska M, Willing B, Keeney KM, Menendez A, Bergstrom KS, Gill N, Russell SL, Vallance BA, Finlay BB.

Infect Immun. 2011 Apr;79(4):1536-45. doi: 10.1128/IAI.01104-10.


Role of intestinal bacteria in gliadin-induced changes in intestinal mucosa: study in germ-free rats.

Cinova J, De Palma G, Stepankova R, Kofronova O, Kverka M, Sanz Y, Tuckova L.

PLoS One. 2011 Jan 13;6(1):e16169. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016169.


Has the microbiota played a critical role in the evolution of the adaptive immune system?

Lee YK, Mazmanian SK.

Science. 2010 Dec 24;330(6012):1768-73. doi: 10.1126/science.1195568. Review.


Genomics, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.

McCarthy MI.

N Engl J Med. 2010 Dec 9;363(24):2339-50. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra0906948. Review. No abstract available.


Pilot study: alterations of intestinal microbiota in obese humans are not associated with colonic inflammation or disturbances of barrier function.

Brignardello J, Morales P, Diaz E, Romero J, Brunser O, Gotteland M.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Dec;32(11-12):1307-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2010.04475.x.


G-protein-coupled receptor for short-chain fatty acids suppresses colon cancer.

Tang Y, Chen Y, Jiang H, Robbins GT, Nie D.

Int J Cancer. 2011 Feb 15;128(4):847-56. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25638.


Improved glucose control and reduced body fat mass in free fatty acid receptor 2-deficient mice fed a high-fat diet.

Bjursell M, Admyre T, Göransson M, Marley AE, Smith DM, Oscarsson J, Bohlooly-Y M.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jan;300(1):E211-20. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00229.2010.


Individuality in gut microbiota composition is a complex polygenic trait shaped by multiple environmental and host genetic factors.

Benson AK, Kelly SA, Legge R, Ma F, Low SJ, Kim J, Zhang M, Oh PL, Nehrenberg D, Hua K, Kachman SD, Moriyama EN, Walter J, Peterson DA, Pomp D.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Nov 2;107(44):18933-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1007028107.


Decreased fat storage by Lactobacillus paracasei is associated with increased levels of angiopoietin-like 4 protein (ANGPTL4).

Aronsson L, Huang Y, Parini P, Korach-André M, Håkansson J, Gustafsson JÅ, Pettersson S, Arulampalam V, Rafter J.

PLoS One. 2010 Sep 30;5(9). pii: e13087. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013087.


Composition and energy harvesting capacity of the gut microbiota: relationship to diet, obesity and time in mouse models.

Murphy EF, Cotter PD, Healy S, Marques TM, O'Sullivan O, Fouhy F, Clarke SF, O'Toole PW, Quigley EM, Stanton C, Ross PR, O'Doherty RM, Shanahan F.

Gut. 2010 Dec;59(12):1635-42. doi: 10.1136/gut.2010.215665.


Hypothalamic Angptl4/Fiaf is a novel regulator of food intake and body weight.

Kim HK, Youn BS, Shin MS, Namkoong C, Park KH, Baik JH, Kim JB, Park JY, Lee KU, Kim YB, Kim MS.

Diabetes. 2010 Nov;59(11):2772-80. doi: 10.2337/db10-0145.


Germ-free C57BL/6J mice are resistant to high-fat-diet-induced insulin resistance and have altered cholesterol metabolism.

Rabot S, Membrez M, Bruneau A, Gérard P, Harach T, Moser M, Raymond F, Mansourian R, Chou CJ.

FASEB J. 2010 Dec;24(12):4948-59. doi: 10.1096/fj.10-164921.


Impact of diet in shaping gut microbiota revealed by a comparative study in children from Europe and rural Africa.

De Filippo C, Cavalieri D, Di Paola M, Ramazzotti M, Poullet JB, Massart S, Collini S, Pieraccini G, Lionetti P.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 17;107(33):14691-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1005963107.


Succession of microbial consortia in the developing infant gut microbiome.

Koenig JE, Spor A, Scalfone N, Fricker AD, Stombaugh J, Knight R, Angenent LT, Ley RE.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Mar 15;108 Suppl 1:4578-85. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1000081107.


The endocannabinoid system links gut microbiota to adipogenesis.

Muccioli GG, Naslain D, Bäckhed F, Reigstad CS, Lambert DM, Delzenne NM, Cani PD.

Mol Syst Biol. 2010 Jul;6:392. doi: 10.1038/msb.2010.46.


Dietary oat beta-glucan reduces peak net glucose flux and insulin production and modulates plasma incretin in portal-vein catheterized grower pigs.

Hooda S, Matte JJ, Vasanthan T, Zijlstra RT.

J Nutr. 2010 Sep;140(9):1564-9. doi: 10.3945/jn.110.122721.


Specificity of polysaccharide use in intestinal bacteroides species determines diet-induced microbiota alterations.

Sonnenburg ED, Zheng H, Joglekar P, Higginbottom SK, Firbank SJ, Bolam DN, Sonnenburg JL.

Cell. 2010 Jun 25;141(7):1241-52. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2010.05.005.


Pharmacological effects of cannabinoids on the Caco-2 cell culture model of intestinal permeability.

Alhamoruni A, Lee AC, Wright KL, Larvin M, O'Sullivan SE.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010 Oct;335(1):92-102. doi: 10.1124/jpet.110.168237.

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