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Default network connectivity reflects the level of consciousness in non-communicative brain-damaged patients.

Vanhaudenhuyse A, Noirhomme Q, Tshibanda LJ, Bruno MA, Boveroux P, Schnakers C, Soddu A, Perlbarg V, Ledoux D, Brichant JF, Moonen G, Maquet P, Greicius MD, Laureys S, Boly M.

Brain. 2010 Jan;133(Pt 1):161-71. doi: 10.1093/brain/awp313. Epub 2009 Dec 23.


Multiple fMRI system-level baseline connectivity is disrupted in patients with consciousness alterations.

Demertzi A, Gómez F, Crone JS, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Tshibanda L, Noirhomme Q, Thonnard M, Charland-Verville V, Kirsch M, Laureys S, Soddu A.

Cortex. 2014 Mar;52:35-46. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2013.11.005. Epub 2013 Nov 20.


Neural correlates of consciousness in patients who have emerged from a minimally conscious state: a cross-sectional multimodal imaging study.

Di Perri C, Bahri MA, Amico E, Thibaut A, Heine L, Antonopoulos G, Charland-Verville V, Wannez S, Gomez F, Hustinx R, Tshibanda L, Demertzi A, Soddu A, Laureys S.

Lancet Neurol. 2016 Jul;15(8):830-42. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(16)00111-3. Epub 2016 Apr 27.


How are different neural networks related to consciousness?

Qin P, Wu X, Huang Z, Duncan NW, Tang W, Wolff A, Hu J, Gao L, Jin Y, Wu X, Zhang J, Lu L, Wu C, Qu X, Mao Y, Weng X, Zhang J, Northoff G.

Ann Neurol. 2015 Oct;78(4):594-605. doi: 10.1002/ana.24479. Epub 2015 Aug 20.


Impaired consciousness is linked to changes in effective connectivity of the posterior cingulate cortex within the default mode network.

Crone JS, Schurz M, Höller Y, Bergmann J, Monti M, Schmid E, Trinka E, Kronbichler M.

Neuroimage. 2015 Apr 15;110:101-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.01.037. Epub 2015 Jan 22.


Identifying the default-mode component in spatial IC analyses of patients with disorders of consciousness.

Soddu A, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Bahri MA, Bruno MA, Boly M, Demertzi A, Tshibanda JF, Phillips C, Stanziano M, Ovadia-Caro S, Nir Y, Maquet P, Papa M, Malach R, Laureys S, Noirhomme Q.

Hum Brain Mapp. 2012 Apr;33(4):778-96. doi: 10.1002/hbm.21249. Epub 2011 Apr 11.


Intrinsic functional connectivity differentiates minimally conscious from unresponsive patients.

Demertzi A, Antonopoulos G, Heine L, Voss HU, Crone JS, de Los Angeles C, Bahri MA, Di Perri C, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Charland-Verville V, Kronbichler M, Trinka E, Phillips C, Gomez F, Tshibanda L, Soddu A, Schiff ND, Whitfield-Gabrieli S, Laureys S.

Brain. 2015 Sep;138(Pt 9):2619-31. doi: 10.1093/brain/awv169. Epub 2015 Jun 27.


Intrinsic Functional Connectivity Patterns Predict Consciousness Level and Recovery Outcome in Acquired Brain Injury.

Wu X, Zou Q, Hu J, Tang W, Mao Y, Gao L, Zhu J, Jin Y, Wu X, Lu L, Zhang Y, Zhang Y, Dai Z, Gao JH, Weng X, Zhou L, Northoff G, Giacino JT, He Y, Yang Y.

J Neurosci. 2015 Sep 16;35(37):12932-46. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0415-15.2015.


Disrupted intrinsic functional connectivity in the vegetative state.

Cauda F, Micon BM, Sacco K, Duca S, D'Agata F, Geminiani G, Canavero S.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009 Apr;80(4):429-31. doi: 10.1136/jnnp.2007.142349.


Measuring consciousness in severely damaged brains.

Gosseries O, Di H, Laureys S, Boly M.

Annu Rev Neurosci. 2014;37:457-78. doi: 10.1146/annurev-neuro-062012-170339. Epub 2014 Jun 23. Review.


The self and its resting state in consciousness: an investigation of the vegetative state.

Huang Z, Dai R, Wu X, Yang Z, Liu D, Hu J, Gao L, Tang W, Mao Y, Jin Y, Wu X, Liu B, Zhang Y, Lu L, Laureys S, Weng X, Northoff G.

Hum Brain Mapp. 2014 May;35(5):1997-2008. doi: 10.1002/hbm.22308. Epub 2013 Jul 1.


Functional connectivity in the default network during resting state is preserved in a vegetative but not in a brain dead patient.

Boly M, Tshibanda L, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Noirhomme Q, Schnakers C, Ledoux D, Boveroux P, Garweg C, Lambermont B, Phillips C, Luxen A, Moonen G, Bassetti C, Maquet P, Laureys S.

Hum Brain Mapp. 2009 Aug;30(8):2393-400. doi: 10.1002/hbm.20672.


Breakdown of within- and between-network resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging connectivity during propofol-induced loss of consciousness.

Boveroux P, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Bruno MA, Noirhomme Q, Lauwick S, Luxen A, Degueldre C, Plenevaux A, Schnakers C, Phillips C, Brichant JF, Bonhomme V, Maquet P, Greicius MD, Laureys S, Boly M.

Anesthesiology. 2010 Nov;113(5):1038-53. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181f697f5.


Spectrum of catastrophic brain injury: coma and related disorders of consciousness.

Brogan ME, Provencio JJ.

J Crit Care. 2014 Aug;29(4):679-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2014.04.014. Epub 2014 Apr 26. Review. No abstract available.


Automated EEG entropy measurements in coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome and minimally conscious state.

Gosseries O, Schnakers C, Ledoux D, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Bruno MA, Demertzi A, Noirhomme Q, Lehembre R, Damas P, Goldman S, Peeters E, Moonen G, Laureys S.

Funct Neurol. 2011 Jan-Mar;26(1):25-30.


fMRI reveals large-scale network activation in minimally conscious patients.

Moritz CH, Black SL.

Neurology. 2005 Dec 13;65(11):1843. No abstract available.


[Cerebral functions in brain-damaged patients. What is meant by coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, locked-in syndrome and brain death?].

Faymonville ME, Pantke KH, Berré J, Sadzot B, Ferring M, de Tiège X, Mavroudakis N, van Bogaert P, Lambermont B, Damas P, Franck G, Lamy M, Luxen A, Moonen G, Goldman S, Maquet P, Laureys S.

Anaesthesist. 2004 Dec;53(12):1195-202. Review. German.


Resting state activity in patients with disorders of consciousness.

Soddu A, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Demertzi A, Bruno MA, Tshibanda L, Di H, Mélanie B, Papa M, Laureys S, Noirhomme Q.

Funct Neurol. 2011 Jan-Mar;26(1):37-43. Review.


Evidence of a dissociation pattern in resting-state default mode network connectivity in first-episode, treatment-naive major depression patients.

Zhu X, Wang X, Xiao J, Liao J, Zhong M, Wang W, Yao S.

Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Apr 1;71(7):611-7. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2011.10.035. Epub 2011 Dec 15.


How can we know if patients in coma, vegetative state or minimally conscious state are conscious?

Overgaard M.

Prog Brain Res. 2009;177:11-9. doi: 10.1016/S0079-6123(09)17702-6.


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