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Items: 1 to 20 of 94

1.

The spitting behavior of two species of spitting cobras.

Westhoff G, Tzschätzsch K, Bleckmann H.

J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2005 Oct;191(10):873-81. Epub 2005 Sep 29.

PMID:
16007458
2.

Spitting cobras adjust their venom distribution to target distance.

Berthé RA, de Pury S, Bleckmann H, Westhoff G.

J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2009 Aug;195(8):753-7. doi: 10.1007/s00359-009-0451-6. Epub 2009 May 22.

PMID:
19462171
3.

Potential targets aimed at by spitting cobras when deterring predators from attacking.

Berthé RA, Westhoff G, Bleckmann H.

J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2013 May;199(5):335-40. doi: 10.1007/s00359-013-0796-8. Epub 2013 Feb 12.

PMID:
23400842
4.

Target tracking during venom 'spitting' by cobras.

Westhoff G, Boetig M, Bleckmann H, Young BA.

J Exp Biol. 2010 Jun 1;213(11):1797-802. doi: 10.1242/jeb.037135.

5.

The phylogeny of cobras inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences: evolution of venom spitting and the phylogeography of the African spitting cobras (Serpentes: Elapidae: Naja nigricollis complex).

Wüster W, Crookes S, Ineich I, Mané Y, Pook CE, Trape JF, Broadley DG.

Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007 Nov;45(2):437-53. Epub 2007 Aug 14.

PMID:
17870616
6.

How the Cobra Got Its Flesh-Eating Venom: Cytotoxicity as a Defensive Innovation and Its Co-Evolution with Hooding, Aposematic Marking, and Spitting.

Panagides N, Jackson TN, Ikonomopoulou MP, Arbuckle K, Pretzler R, Yang DC, Ali SA, Koludarov I, Dobson J, Sanker B, Asselin A, Santana RC, Hendrikx I, van der Ploeg H, Tai-A-Pin J, van den Bergh R, Kerkkamp HM, Vonk FJ, Naude A, Strydom MA, Jacobsz L, Dunstan N, Jaeger M, Hodgson WC, Miles J, Fry BG.

Toxins (Basel). 2017 Mar 13;9(3). pii: E103. doi: 10.3390/toxins9030103.

7.

Comparative study of the cytolytic activity of snake venoms from African spitting cobras (Naja spp., Elapidae) and its neutralization by a polyspecific antivenom.

Méndez I, Gutiérrez JM, Angulo Y, Calvete JJ, Lomonte B.

Toxicon. 2011 Nov;58(6-7):558-64. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2011.08.018. Epub 2011 Sep 8.

PMID:
21924279
8.

Protein variation in the venom spat by the red spitting cobra, Naja pallida (Reptilia: Serpentes).

Cascardi J, Young BA, Husic HD, Sherma J.

Toxicon. 1999 Sep;37(9):1271-9.

PMID:
10400288
9.

Functional bases of the spatial dispersal of venom during cobra "spitting".

Young BA, Boetig M, Westhoff G.

Physiol Biochem Zool. 2009 Jan-Feb;82(1):80-9. doi: 10.1086/595589.

PMID:
19046067
10.

The buccal buckle: the functional morphology of venom spitting in cobras.

Young BA, Dunlap K, Koenig K, Singer M.

J Exp Biol. 2004 Sep;207(Pt 20):3483-94.

11.

[Spitting cobras: description of 2 cases in Djibouti].

Rouvin B, Kone M, N'diaye M, Seck M, Diatta B.

Med Trop (Mars). 2010 Feb;70(1):95-6. French.

PMID:
20337127
12.

Snake venomics of African spitting cobras: toxin composition and assessment of congeneric cross-reactivity of the pan-African EchiTAb-Plus-ICP antivenom by antivenomics and neutralization approaches.

Petras D, Sanz L, Segura A, Herrera M, Villalta M, Solano D, Vargas M, León G, Warrell DA, Theakston RD, Harrison RA, Durfa N, Nasidi A, Gutiérrez JM, Calvete JJ.

J Proteome Res. 2011 Mar 4;10(3):1266-80. doi: 10.1021/pr101040f. Epub 2011 Jan 31.

PMID:
21171584
13.

Hypersensitivity to airborne spitting cobra snake venom.

Prescott RA, Potter PC.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2005 May;94(5):600-3.

PMID:
15945564
14.

3D flow in the venom channel of a spitting cobra: do the ridges in the fangs act as fluid guide vanes?

Triep M, Hess D, Chaves H, Brücker C, Balmert A, Westhoff G, Bleckmann H.

PLoS One. 2013 May 6;8(5):e61548. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061548. Print 2013.

15.

Proteomic characterization of venom of the medically important Southeast Asian Naja sumatrana (Equatorial spitting cobra).

Yap MK, Fung SY, Tan KY, Tan NH.

Acta Trop. 2014 May;133:15-25. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2014.01.014. Epub 2014 Feb 6.

PMID:
24508616
16.

Ophthalmia due to spitting cobra venom in an urban setting--a report of three cases.

Ang LJ, Sanjay S, Sangtam T.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2014 Jul-Sep;21(3):259-61. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.134689.

17.

The ocular effects of spitting cobras: II. Evidence that cardiotoxins are responsible for the corneal opacification syndrome.

Ismail M, al-Bekairi AM, el-Bedaiwy AM, Abd-el Salam MA.

J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1993;31(1):45-62.

PMID:
8433415
18.

[Spitting cobra ophthalmia (Naja nigricollis)].

Grüntzig J.

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 1984 Dec;185(6):527-30. German.

PMID:
6335538
19.

Effect of geographical variation of Echis ocellatus, Naja nigricollis and Bitis arietans venoms on their neutralization by homologous and heterologous antivenoms.

Sánchez A, Coto J, Segura Á, Vargas M, Solano G, Herrera M, Villalta M, Estrada R, Gutiérrez JM, León G.

Toxicon. 2015 Dec 15;108:80-3. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2015.10.001. Epub 2015 Oct 9.

PMID:
26450770
20.

Ocular effects of the venom from the spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis).

Ismail M, Ellison AC.

J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1986;24(3):183-202.

PMID:
3723645

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