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Bioorg Med Chem. 2012 Jan 15;20(2):1060-75. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.11.035. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

Novel (S)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acids: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ selective agonists with protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibition.

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Research Laboratories, Kyoto Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd, 38, Nishinokyo Tsukinowa-cho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto 604-8444, Japan.


A novel series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives were synthesized and (S)-2-[(2E,4E)-hexadienoyl]-7-(2-{5-methyl-2-[(1E)-5-methylhexen-1-yl]oxazol-4-yl}ethoxy)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (14i) was identified as a potent human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) selective agonist (EC(50)=0.03 μM) and human protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B) inhibitor (IC(50)=1.18 μM). C(max) after oral administration of 14i at 10mg/kg was 2.2 μg/ml (4.5 μM) in male SD rats. Repeated administration of 14i and rosiglitazone for 14 days dose-dependently decreased plasma glucose levels, ED(50)=4.3 and 23 mg/kg/day, respectively, in male KK-A(y) mice. In female SD rats, repeated administration of 14i at 12.5-100mg/kg/day for 28 days had no effect on the hematocrit value (Ht) and red blood cell count (RBC), while rosiglitazone significantly decreased them from 25mg/kg/day. In conclusion, 14i showed about a fivefold stronger hypoglycemic effect and fourfold or more weaker hemodilution effect than rosiglitazone, indicating that 14i is 20-fold or more safer than rosiglitazone. Compound 14i is a promising candidate for an efficacious and safe anti-diabetic drug targeting PPARγ and PTP-1B.

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