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J Nat Prod. 2014 Mar 28;77(3):503-8. doi: 10.1021/np400778m. Epub 2014 Jan 29.

Identification of chromomoric acid C-I as an Nrf2 activator in Chromolaena odorata.

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Department of Pharmacogosy, University of Vienna , Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria.


Activation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) contributes to several beneficial bioactivities of natural products, including induction of an increased cellular stress resistance and prevention or resolution of inflammation. In this study, the potential of a crude leaf extract of Chromolaena odorata, traditionally used against inflammation and skin lesions, was examined for Nrf2 activation. Guided by an Nrf2-dependent luciferase reporter gene assay, the phytoprostane chromomoric acid C-I (1) was identified as a potent Nrf2 activator from C. odorata with a CD (concentration doubling the response of vehicle-treated cells) of 5.2 μM. When tested at 1-10 μM, 1 was able to induce the endogenous Nrf2 target gene heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) in fibroblasts. Between 2 and 5 μM, compound 1 induced HO-1 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and inhibited their proliferation in a HO-1-dependent manner, without eliciting signs of cytotoxicity.

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