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Arch Virol. 2006 Jan;151(1):1-11. Epub 2005 Aug 26.

Nucleotide sequence of melon yellow spot virus M RNA segment and characterization of non-viral sequences in subgenomic RNA.

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National Agricultural Research Center for Kyushu Okinawa Region, Kumamoto, Japan.


The nucleotide sequence of melon yellow spot virus (MYSV) M RNA segment was determined. The M RNA segment contains one open reading frame (ORF) encoding 308 amino acids (aa) in the sense orientation and another ORF encoding 1,127 aa in the complementary orientation, which were homologous to the NSm protein and G1/G2 glycoprotein precursor (Gp) protein, respectively. Amino acid sequences identities with the other tospovirus suggested that MYSV is closely related to groundnut bud necrosis virus and watermelon silver mottle virus. To analyze subgenomic RNA of the M RNA segment, RNA transcripts corresponding to the NSm and Gp genes were specifically amplified, and the nucleotide sequence of the 5' terminal region was determined. Sequence analysis of the NSm and Gp transcripts showed that they had a non-viral sequence 12-18 and 10-18 nucleotides long, respectively. Although these sequences varied considerably, in more than half of the cases, a cytosine residue was observed at the 3' end of the non-viral leader sequence, which suggests that the viral transcriptase prefers certain cap-donor sequences harboring a 3'CA dinucleotide.

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