Format

Send to

Choose Destination

Links from GEO DataSets

See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2012 Dec 15;189(12):5965-75. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1201437. Epub 2012 Nov 19.

miR-451 regulates dendritic cell cytokine responses to influenza infection.

Author information

1
Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98109, USA. rosenberger.carrie@gene.com

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important posttranscriptional regulators in immune cells, but how viral infection regulates miRNA expression to shape dendritic cell (DC) responses has not been well characterized. We identified 20 miRNAs that were differentially expressed in primary murine DCs in response to the dsRNA agonist polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid, a subset of which were modestly regulated by influenza infection. miR-451 was unique because it was induced more strongly in primary splenic and lung DCs by live viral infection than by purified agonists of pattern recognition receptors. We determined that miR-451 regulates a subset of proinflammatory cytokine responses. Three types of primary DCs treated with antisense RNA antagomirs directed against miR-451 secreted elevated levels of IL-6, TNF, CCL5/RANTES, and CCL3/MIP1α, and these results were confirmed using miR-451(null) cells. miR-451 negatively regulates YWHAZ/14-3-3ζ protein levels in various cell types, and we measured a similar inhibition of YWHAZ levels in DCs. It is known that YWHAZ can control the activity of two negative regulators of cytokine production: FOXO3, which is an inhibitory transcription factor, and ZFP36/Tristetraprolin, which binds to AU-rich elements within 3'-untranslated regions to destabilize cytokine mRNAs. Inhibition of miR-451 expression correlated with increased YWHAZ protein expression and decreased ZFP36 expression, providing a possible mechanism for the elevated secretion of IL-6, TNF, CCL5/RANTES, and CCL3/MIP1α. miR-451 levels are themselves increased by IL-6 and type I IFN, potentially forming a regulatory loop. These data suggest that viral infection specifically induces a miRNA that directs a negative regulatory cascade to tune DC cytokine production.

PMID:
23169590
PMCID:
PMC3528339
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.1201437
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center