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Biochem J. 1995 Aug 1;309 ( Pt 3):765-71.

Evidence for the location of a binding sequence for the alpha 2 beta 1 integrin of endothelial cells, in the beta 1 subunit of laminin.

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CSIRO Division of Biomolecular Engineering, Sydney Laboratory, NSW, Australia.


To date no specific location on laminin 1 for the binding of alpha 2 beta 1 integrin has been described, although recent evidence supports a location in the E1XNd fragment of the cross region. We have identified a peptide sequence from this region, in the beta 1 chain of laminin 1, YGYYGDALR, which inhibits the adhesion of endothelial cells to laminin 1 and type-IV collagen. A structurally related sequence from the CNBr-cleaved fragment CB3 of the alpha 1 chain of collagen type IV, FYFDLR, inhibits endothelial cell adhesion to both collagen types I and IV and laminin 1. The CB3 fragment containing the FYFDLR sequence has been shown to contain binding sites for both alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 2 beta 1 integrins. Present experiments with anti-integrin antibodies indicate that the alpha 2 beta 1 integrin on endothelial cells can account for all the cell binding to collagen types I and IV, and that this integrin makes a major contribution towards the adhesion of these cells to laminin 1. We therefore propose that the peptide FYFDLR participates in alpha 2 beta 1 binding to collagen type IV and that the putatively structurally similar peptide, YGYYGDALR, participates in alpha 2 beta 1 binding to laminin 1. This is the first account of structurally related peptide sequences from laminin 1 and type-IV collagen which show reciprocal inhibition of cell adhesion to either ligand and which might form part of a common integrin-binding site, as well as the first suggestion of a precise location contributing to the alpha 2 beta 1 integrin binding site on laminin 1.

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