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J Biol Chem. 1998 Feb 20;273(8):4718-24.

Adenosine A1 receptor-mediated modulation of dopamine D1 receptors in stably cotransfected fibroblast cells.

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Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.


The antagonistic interactions between adenosine A1 and dopamine D1 receptors were studied in a mouse Ltk- cell line stably cotransfected with human adenosine A1 receptor and dopamine D1 receptor cDNAs. In membrane preparations, both the adenosine A1 receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine and the GTP analogue guanyl-5'-yl imidodiphospate induced a decrease in the proportion of dopamine D1 receptors in a high affinity state. In the cotransfected cells, the adenosine A1 agonist induced a concentration-dependent inhibition of dopamine-induced cAMP accumulation. Blockade of adenosine A1 receptor signal transduction with the adenosine A1 receptor antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine or with pertussis toxin pretreatment increased both basal and dopamine-stimulated cAMP levels, indicating the existence of tonic adenosine A1 receptor activation. Pretreatment with pertussis toxin also counteracted the effects of low concentrations of the A1 agonist on D1 receptor-agonist binding. The results suggest that adenosine A1 receptors antagonistically modulate dopamine D1 receptors at the level of receptor binding and the generation of second messengers.

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