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J Exp Med. 1998 Feb 16;187(4):601-8.

Abnormalities in monocyte recruitment and cytokine expression in monocyte chemoattractant protein 1-deficient mice.

Author information

1
Perlmutter Laboratory, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) is a CC chemokine that attracts monocytes, memory T lymphocytes, and natural killer cells. Because other chemokines have similar target cell specificities and because CCR2, a cloned MCP-1 receptor, binds other ligands, it has been uncertain whether MCP-1 plays a unique role in recruiting mononuclear cells in vivo. To address this question, we disrupted SCYA2 (the gene encoding MCP-1) and tested MCP-1-deficient mice in models of inflammation. Despite normal numbers of circulating leukocytes and resident macrophages, MCP-1(-/-) mice were specifically unable to recruit monocytes 72 h after intraperitoneal thioglycollate administration. Similarly, accumulation of F4/80+ monocytes in delayed-type hypersensitivity lesions was impaired, although the swelling response was normal. Development of secondary pulmonary granulomata in response to Schistosoma mansoni eggs was blunted in MCP-1(-/-) mice, as was expression of IL-4, IL-5, and interferon gamma in splenocytes. In contrast, MCP-1(-/-) mice were indistinguishable from wild-type mice in their ability to clear Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Our data indicate that MCP-1 is uniquely essential for monocyte recruitment in several inflammatory models in vivo and influences expression of cytokines related to T helper responses.

PMID:
9463410
PMCID:
PMC2212142
DOI:
10.1084/jem.187.4.601
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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