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Am J Med Genet. 1997 Aug 22;71(3):336-40.

Molecular analysis of the L1CAM gene in patients with X-linked hydrocephalus demonstrates eight novel mutations and suggests non-allelic heterogeneity of the trait.

Author information

1
Institut für Humangenetik, Universitäts-Krankenhaus Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Abstract

Eight novel mutations were identified in the gene encoding L1CAM, a neural cell adhesion protein, in patients/families with X-linked hydrocephalus (XHC) providing additional evidence for extreme allelic heterogeneity of the trait. The two nonsense mutations (Gln440Ter and Gln1042Ter) result most likely in functional null-alleles and complete absence of L1CAM at the cell surface. The four missense mutations (Leu482Pro, Ser542Pro, Met741Thr, and Val752Met) as well as delSer526 may considerably alter the structure of L1CAM. Interestingly, a missense mutation in an XHC family predicting the Val768Ile change in the second fibronectin type III domain of L1CAM was found not only in the two affected cousins and their obligate carrier mothers but also in two unaffected male relatives of the patients. Several possible explanations of this finding are discussed; the most likely being that Val768Ile is a rare non-pathogenic variant. If this were indeed the case, our data suggest that the XHC in this family is not due to a mutation of the L1CAM gene, i.e., that, in addition to the extreme allelic heterogeneity of XHC, a non-allelic form of genetic heterogeneity may also exist in this trait.

PMID:
9268105
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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