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J Immunol Methods. 1997 Jun 23;205(1):19-28.

A simple method for the propagation and purification of gamma delta T cells from the peripheral blood of glioblastoma patients using solid-phase anti-CD3 antibody and soluble IL-2.

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1
Division of Immunology, Miyagi Cancer Center Research Institute, Japan.

Abstract

Although gamma delta T cells make up no more than 10% of the peripheral blood mononuclear (PBM) cells, they appear to play an important role in host defense against tumor growth. In order to evaluate their functional activity against tumors and their response to various cytokines, large numbers of cells are required. Here, we describe a newly-devised method for the isolation and expansion of gamma delta T cells from the peripheral blood of cancer patients, in particular those with glioblastoma. Using this approach, a 1000-1500-fold increase in total cell numbers was achieved in two weeks, the proportion of gamma delta T cells in the expanded population being, on average, approximately 30% after 14 days of culture. The method therefore gives a yield of approximately 10-15 x 10(8) gamma delta T cells from only 5 ml of peripheral blood from glioblastoma patients and normal controls. The highly purified gamma delta T cells of glioblastoma patients were shown to bear both a high-affinity interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) and a low-affinity IL-12 receptor (IL-12R). They also displayed significant cytotoxicity against autologous tumor cells, but not against autologous fresh or IL-2-treated lymphocytes, and proliferated in response to IL-2, both effects being dependent on the dose of IL-2 used for activation. In addition, overnight incubation with 700 U/ml of IL-2 or 50 ng/ml of IL-12 resulted in significant cytotoxic activity of patients' gamma delta T cells against K562 target cells, the level of activity being almost the same as with similarly-treated gamma delta T cells from normal controls (P > 0.05). These results demonstrate that the patients' gamma delta T cells obtained using this method are intact in terms of cytotoxic function. Thus, this method not only makes it possible to produce large numbers of purified gamma delta T cells but also to produce populations containing both gamma delta T cells and NK cells, both active against tumor targets which might be suitable for clinical trials of adoptive-immunotherapy, especially in cancer patients for whom no effective therapy is available.

PMID:
9236911
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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