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Eur J Nucl Med. 1997 Jun;24(6):651-4.

Site-specific conjugation and labelling of prostate antibody 7E11C5.3 (CYT-351) with technetium-99m.

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Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Department of Nuclear Medicine, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, West Smithfield, London EC1A 7BE, UK.


Attachment of chelating agents to the sugar residues of antibodies for subsequent radiolabelling is an attractive approach since it may have less effect on the immunoreactivity than attachment through lysine residues, which are distributed throughout the antibody and may be present near the antigen binding site. We have attached a new hydrazide-linked chelator CYT-395 (Cytogen Corp., Princeton, N.J.) to the sugar residues of the anti-prostate monoclonal antibody 7E11C5.3 and optimised the conditions for labelling the conjugate with technetium-99m in order to compare the conjugate to 7E11C5.3 antibody labelled directly with technetium using a mercaptoethanol reduction technique. Labelling yields of 70%-90% were obtained at specific activities up to 2000 MBq/mg antibody. The stability of the technetium-labelled conjugate in plasma or to a challenge with 0.1 or 1.0 mM cysteine was similar to that of direct-labelled antibody. In nine patients with prostate cancer, the plasma clearance of the labelled conjugate followed a two-compartment model, with an average beta-phase half-life of 31.4+/-3.9 h. The average urinary clearance at 24 h was 15.3+/-5.0% of the injected dose. In this group of patients there was no significant difference between the blood and urine clearance of the labelled conjugate, and the clearances of the direct-labelled antibody.

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