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Childs Nerv Syst. 1996 Dec;12(12):742-7.

A new mutation of the L1CAM gene in an X-linked hydrocephalus family.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan.


X-linked hydrocephalus is a genetic form of hydrocephalus that frequently occurs in females. It is characterized by ventricular dilatation, mental retardation, deformity of the thumb and spastic paraparesis. Recently, 23 different mutations of the gene for the neural cell adhesion molecule, L1CAM, located at chromosome region Xq28, have been reported, 16 of which were detected in families with X-linked hydrocephalus. We sequenced the coding region of the L1CAM gene of patients from two different families with X-linked hydrocephalus and found a novel mutation at nucleotide residue 1963 in one family. This mutation from adenine to guanine results in an amino acid change from lysine to glutamic acid at residue 655 of the L1CAM protein, which belongs to the fibronectin type III domain. We report another method of the rapid identification of the mutation based on the polymerase chain reaction. This mutation was not detected among 70 X chromosomes from a healthy population. Ours is the first report demonstrating this gene mutation in X-linked hydrocephalus in an Asian population. Our findings further emphasize the evolving genotypic heterogeneity in X-linked hydrocephalus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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