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J Am Soc Nephrol. 1996 Mar;7(3):403-9.

Urinary excretion of aquaporin-2 in humans: a potential marker of collecting duct responsiveness to vasopressin.

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Developmental Endocrinology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.


The vasopressin-sensitive water channel (aquaporin 2; AQP-2) mediates water transport across the apical plasma membrane of the renal collecting ducts and is excreted in human urine. This study presents the hypothesis that measurements of the AQP-2 excretion rate might be used as a marker of collecting-duct responsiveness to vasopressin, and therefore could be useful in the clinical evaluation of various water-balance disorders. This study presents information about the development of an antibody to human AQP-2, and measures the urinary excretion of AQP-2 by quantitative Western analysis. A standard curve of band densities was generated by using known quantities of the modified immunizing peptide to derive the amount of AQP-2 contained in aliquots of urine. AQP-2 urinary excretion changed with short-term alterations in hydration status produced either by water loading (76% decrease, P < 0.01) or by 3% sodium chloride (760% increase, P < 0.01). Steady-state 24-h urinary excretion of AQP-2 was 43 +/- 10 nmol/24 h (or 28.5 +/- 6.9 pmol/mg creatinine), and 20 +/- 6 nmol/24 h (or 18.3 +/- 7.9 pmol/mg creatinine) in men and women, respectively. Therefore, urinary AQP-2 excretion can be quantified by using Western analysis, and may serve as a marker of collecting-duct responsiveness to vasopressin in different physiologic settings.

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