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J Biol Chem. 1996 Mar 22;271(12):6563-6.

Differential effects of two hydrocephalus/MASA syndrome-related mutations on the homophilic binding and neuritogenic activities of the cell adhesion molecule L1.

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1
Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L6, Canada.

Abstract

The cell adhesion molecule L1 plays an important role in neural development. We have previously demonstrated that the second immunoglobulin-like domain (Ig2) of L1 contains both homophilic binding and neuritogenic activities (Zhao, X., and Siu, C.-H. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 29413-29421). Recently, two mutations (R184Q and H210Q) within the Ig2 region of the human L1 gene have been shown to be responsible for X-linked hydrocephalus and the related MASA (mental retardation, aphasia, shuffling gait, and adducted thumbs) syndrome. Glutathione S-transferase-Ig2 fusion proteins containing these mutations were used to evaluate their effects on L1. The homophilic binding activity of fusion proteins and their ability to promote neurite outgrowth from retinal cells were examined. The R184Q mutation led to a complete loss of both homophilic binding and neuritogenic activities, while the H210Q mutation resulted only in a partial loss. These results provide, for the first time, direct demonstration of the deleterious effects of hydrocephalus/MASA mutations on two intrinsic properties of L1.

PMID:
8636066
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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