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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Feb;21(2):424-31.

Isolated ultrafiltration in moderate congestive heart failure.

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1
Istituto di Cardiologia dell' Università degli Studi, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ultrafiltration is beneficial in patients with moderate congestive heart failure.

BACKGROUND:

Ultrafiltration is beneficial in patients with severe congestive heart failure.

METHODS:

We studied 36 patients in New York Heart Association functional classes II and III in stable clinical condition. Eighteen patients (group A) were randomly selected and underwent a single session of ultrafiltration (venovenous bypass, mean [+/- SEM] ultrafiltrate 1,880 +/- 174 ml, approximately 600 ml/h) and 18 (group B) served as control subjects.

RESULTS:

Two patients in group A and three in group B did not complete the 6-month follow-up study. In group A, soon after ultrafiltration there were significant reductions in right atrial pressure (from 8 +/- 1 to 3.4 +/- 0.7 mm Hg, pulmonary wedge pressure (from 18 +/- 2.5 to 10 +/- 1.9 mm Hg) and cardiac index (from 2.8 +/- 0.2 to 2.3 +/- 0.2 liters/min). During the follow-up period, lung function improved, extravascular lung water (X-ray score) decreased and peak oxygen consumption (ml/min per kg) increased significantly from 15.5 +/- 1 (day -1) to 17.6 +/- 0.9 (day 4), to 17.8 +/- 0.9 (day 30), to 18.9 +/- 1 (day 90) and to 19.1 +/- 1 (day 180). Oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold (ml/min per kg) also increased significantly from 11.6 +/- 0.8 (day -1) to 13 +/- 0.7 (day 4), to 13.7 +/- 0.5 (day 30), to 15.5 +/- 0.8 (day 90) and to 15.2 +/- 0.8 (day 180). These changes were associated with increased ventilation, tidal volume and dead space/tidal volume ratio at peak exercise. The improvement in exercise performance was associated with a decrease in norepinephrine at rest, a downward shift of norepinephrine kinetics at submaximal exercise and an increase in norepinephrine during orthostatic tilt. None of these changes were recorded in group B.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with moderate congestive heart failure, ultrafiltration reduces the severity of the syndrome.

PMID:
8426008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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