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Mol Chem Neuropathol. 1993 Sep;20(1):33-43.

ECGF and heparin determine differentiation of cloned cerebral endothelial cells in vitro.

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Institute of Molecular Biology OAW, Salzburg, Austria.


Protein expression patterns of morphologically different cloned capillary endothelial cells from porcine and murine brain cortices were examined. Type I cells, grown in medium containing heparin and endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF), exhibited a polygonal, cobblestone appearance and appeared to replicate the cells of the blood-brain barrier endothelium. Type II cells, grown in medium without heparin and ECGF, were elongated and appeared to replicate capillaries in central nervous system tissue. Cells of both phenotypes stained positive by the specific endothelial cell marker Bandeiraea simplicifolia lectin. The expression of alpha smooth-muscle actin (mRNA and protein) was taken as a marker for type II cells. By use of 2-D gel images and the GELLAB II system, a data base was created revealing that two proteins (90 kDa, pI 5.1, and 35 kDa, pI 5.7) were exclusively expressed in type I cells. Furthermore, the synergistic action of ECGF and heparin in respect to the phenotypic determination of cerebral endothelial cells was demonstrated.

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