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Gene. 1995 Oct 27;164(2):347-50.

Cloning and characterization of cDNA encoding a human arginyl-tRNA synthetase.

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Queensland Cancer Fund Research Unit, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Bancroft Centre, Brisbane, Australia.


Arginyl-tRNA synthetase (ArgRS) plays a key role in protein synthesis as part of a multienzyme complex with a number of other aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) enzymes. We have isolated a full-length cDNA encoding ArgRS as part of a project on complementation of radiosensitivity in human cells with an Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) vector-based human cDNA library. DNA sequence analysis identified an open reading frame of 1983 nucleotides with 87% homology to other mammalian ArgRS genes. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequence (661 aa) showed 87.7% identity to the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) enzyme and 37.7% identity to the homologous Escherichia coli enzyme. Northern blot analysis revealed the presence of a single mRNA species of approx. 2.2 kb. The results described here demonstrate that ArgRS is highly conserved in mammalian cells and confirm the presence of a hydrophobic N-terminal region in the higher-molecular-weight complexed form of ArgRS.

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