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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1987 Dec;63(6):2240-6.

Tracheobronchial and upper airway blood flow in dogs during thermally induced panting.

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Pulmonary Research Laboratory, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


Tracheobronchial blood flow increases two- to fivefold in response to isocapnic hyperventilation with warm dry or cold dry air in anesthetized, tracheostomized dogs. To determine whether this response is governed by central nervous system thermoregulatory control or is a local response to the drying and/or cooling of the airway mucosa, we studied eight anesthetized spontaneously breathing dogs in a thermally controlled chamber designed so that inspired air temperature, humidity, and body temperature could be separately regulated. Four dogs breathed through the nose and mouth (group 1), and four breathed through a short tracheostomy tube (group 2). Dogs were studied under the following conditions: 1) a normothermic control period and 2) two periods of hyperthermia in which the dogs panted with either warm 100% humidified air or warm dry (approximately 10% humidified) air. Radiolabeled microspheres (15 +/- 3 micron diam) were injected into the left ventricle as a marker of nasal, lingual, and tracheobronchial blood flow. After the final measurements, the dogs were killed and tissues of interest excised. Results showed that lingual and nasal blood flow (ml.min-1.g-1) increased during panting (P less than 0.01) in both groups and were not affected by the inspired air conditions. In group 1, tracheal mucosal blood flow barely doubled (P less than 0.01) and bronchial blood flow did not change during humid and dry air panting. In group 2, there was a sevenfold increase in tracheal mucosal and about a threefold increase in bronchial blood flow (P less than 0.01), which was only observed during dry air panting.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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