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Viruses. 2017 Dec 5;9(12). pii: E373. doi: 10.3390/v9120373.

Genomic Characterisation of Vinegar Hill Virus, An Australian Nairovirus Isolated in 1983 from Argas Robertsi Ticks Collected from Cattle Egrets.

Author information

1
Land Division, Defence Science & Technology Group, Fishermans Bend, Victoria 3207, Australia. penny.gauci@dst.defence.gov.au.
2
Land Division, Defence Science & Technology Group, Fishermans Bend, Victoria 3207, Australia. jane.mcallister@dst.defence.gov.au.
3
Land Division, Defence Science & Technology Group, Fishermans Bend, Victoria 3207, Australia. Ian.Mitchell@dst.defence.gov.au.
4
Formerly: Long Pocket Laboratories, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Indooroopilly, Queensland 4068, Australia. dcybinski@hotmail.com.
5
Formerly: Long Pocket Laboratories, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Indooroopilly, Queensland 4068, Australia. tobystgeorge@bigpond.com.
6
Land Division, Defence Science & Technology Group, Fishermans Bend, Victoria 3207, Australia. Ania.Gubala@dst.defence.gov.au.

Abstract

This report describes the near complete genomic sequence and subsequent analysis of Vinegar Hill virus (VINHV; tentative member of the genus Orthonairovirus, family Nairoviridae, order Bunyavirales). VINHV is the second nairovirus reported to be isolated on mainland Australia and the first to be sequenced and analysed. Our genetic analysis shows that VINHV belongs to the Dera Ghazi Khan genogroup, a group of viruses previously isolated in other parts of the world including Asia, South Africa, and the USA. We discuss possible routes of entry for nairoviruses into Australia and the need to understand the virome of Australian ticks in the context of new and emerging disease.

KEYWORDS:

Australia; Bunyavirales; Nairoviridae; Orthonairovirus; characterisation; genome; ticks; virus

PMID:
29206186
PMCID:
PMC5744148
DOI:
10.3390/v9120373
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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